Calendar and Summary for September 1944  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
                    1   2
3   4   5   6   7   8   9
10   11   12   13   14   15   16
17   18   19   20   21   22   23
24   25   26   27   28   29   30
 
   
  August 1944 October 1944  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for September 1944  
   
  The Red Army reached the Bulgarian frontier.  The Canadian 1st Army captured Dieppe.  Finland announced that it would negotiate an armistice with the Soviet Union and that it was breaking diplomatic relations with Germany.  The British Guards Armored Division liberated Brussels, Belgium.  The Belgian port of Antwerp fell to the British 11th Armored Division.  Spearheads of the Red Army reach the Yugoslavian border.  The first German V-2 rocket hit London, England.  Finland signed an armistice agreement with the Soviet Union.  The Octagon Conference between the United States and Great Britain took place in Quebec City, Canada.  Romania signed an armistice with the Allies.  The 12,000 man German garrison of Le Harve surrendered to the British 1st Corps.  The 3rd Baltic Front opened a new offensive against the remnants of Army Group North.  U.S. Marines invaded Peleliu in the Palau Islands.  The Allies launched Operation Market Garden using airborne troops to invade The Netherlands.  The important Channel port of Brest, France was liberated by the U.S. 9th Army.  American B-17 bombers dropped supplies to the embattled Polish Home Army in Warsaw.  Elements of the Soviet Leningrad Front captured Tallin, the capital of Estonia.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler ordered the formation of the Volkstrum (citizen militia).  The first full scale plutonium reactor, the B pile, at Hanford was completed and loaded with uranium.  The German garrison at Calais, France surrendered.  13 ships (56,102 tons) were sunk and 2 ships (13,145 tons) were damaged by U-boats during September 1944.  
   
  Events occurring in September 1944 with no specific dates  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  Air Force Lt. Colonel Paul Tibbets began organizing the 509th Composite Group at Wendover Field, Utah. This unit would include the 393rd Bombardment Squadron which began test drops with dummy bombs called Pumpkins. The 509th Composite Group would deliver the atomic bombs on Japan in August of 1945.  
   
  The K-25 gaseous diffusion plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee was half built at this point, but no usable diffusion barriers have been produced. The Y-12 electromagnetic plant was operating at only 0.05% efficiency. The total production of highly enriched uranium to date is a few grams.  
     
   
 

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