Calendar and Summary for April 1945  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
1   2   3   4   5   6   7
8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21
22   23   24   25   26   27   28
29   30                    
 
   
March 1945 May 1945
   
  Summary of Significant Events for April 1945  
   
  Two corps of the US 10th Army, under command of Lt. General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. landed on Okinawa.  U.S. Marines crossed Okinawa and reached the east coast, cutting off Japanese troops in the Katchin Peninsula.  Hungary was liberated by the Red Army.  Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov told the Japanese Ambassador that the Soviet Union would not renew its five year neutrality pact with Japan.  The cabinet of Premier Kuniaki Koiso's resigned. Admiral Baron Kantaro Suzuki was called on to form a new government.  The Japanese kamikaze onslaught against U.S. ships off Okinawa began.  A U.S. Navy aircraft carrier force sank the battleship IJN Yamato.  Königsberg was captured by Soviet forces of the 3rd Belorussian Front.  The German pocket battleship SMS Admiral Scheer was struck and capsized during a RAF bombing raid on the dockyard in Kiel.  Admiral Wilhelm Franz Canaris, former head of the Abwehr, was executed.  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Georgia at the age of 63.  The Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front liberated Vienna, Austria.  On southern Okinawa the Japanese attempted a failed counterattack on U.S. troops.  More than 320 US B-29 bombers dropped incendiary bombs on the Tokyo, obliterating 6.3 square miles of the city and damaging the Imperial Palace.  The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was liberated by the Allied 21st Army Group.  The Red Army launched the final offensive on Berlin. The last German forces resisting in the Ruhr Pocket surrendered.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler celebrated his 56th birthday in his bunker in the New Reich Chancellery.  Nuremberg was captured by the U.S. 7th Army. The American flag was raised over the rostrum of the Nuremberg Stadium, the scene of Nazi Party rallies.  Reichsmarschall Hermann W. Göring cleaned out his vast Prussian estate, Karinhall. He filled up twenty trucks and cars with files, equipment, and his remaining riches.  The Red Air Force and Red Army artillery began a fierce bombardment of the Zentrum (Berlin's city center) with shells and bombs falling at a rate of one every 5 seconds.  Berlin was fully encircled by the 1st Belorussian Front and the 1st Ukraine Front.  U.S. President Harry S. Truman opened the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco.  Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during WWII, was arrested for treason.  Former Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini, his mistress Clara Petacci, and the members of their 15-man party were executed.  Hitler married Eva Braun and dictated his last testament.  Operation Manna began, as RAF Bomber Command began dropping food in four pre-approved drop zones in western Holland.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide.  Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz became Reich President.  18 ships (76,634 tons) were sunk and 5 ships (34,194 tons) were damaged by U-boats and mines during April 1945.  
   
  Events occurring in April 1945 with no specific dates  
     
   
     
   
 

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