Calendar and Summary for August 1945  
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  July 1945 September 1945  
  Summary of Significant Events for August 1945  
  The Potsdam conference ended.  The first atomic bomb, nicknamed "Little Boy", was dropped on Hiroshima.  The Soviet Union declared itself to be at war with Japan and invaded Manchuria and Korea.  The second atomic bomb, nicknamed "Fat Man," was dropped on Nagasaki.  The Japanese offer to surrender conditionally was refused by the United States.  Japan accepted the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration and agreed to surrender.  U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur was named Supreme Allied Commander to receive Japan’s capitulation and conduct the occupation of the Japanese homeland.  The recorded message of Emperor Hirohito announcing the surrender of Japan is broadcast to the Japanese people.  Japanese Emperor Hirohito issued an Imperial Rescript ordering all Japanese forces to cease fire. The Soviet Union and Poland governments signed a treaty which delineated the new borders of Poland.  Indonesian leaders proclaimed the independence of the Republic of Indonesia from Dutch rule.  The "Peace riots" ended in San Francisco.  The Viet Minh under Ho Chi Minh began the August General Uprising.  The War Production Board removed most of its controls over manufacturing activity.  U.S. President Harry S. Truman ordered the immediate end of the Lend-Lease program.  Allied fleets anchor in Sagami Wan (outer Tokyo Bay.)  Allied soldiers set foot on Japan.  Hong Kong was liberated.  MacArthur arrived in Japan and established the supreme allied command in Tokyo.  
  Events occurring in August 1945 with no specific dates  

The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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