Calendar and Summary for February 1945  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
                1   2   3
4   5   6   7   8   9   10
11   12   13   14   15   16   17
18   19   20   21   22   23   24
25   26   27   28            
 
   
  January 1945 March 1945  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for February 1945  
   
  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met at Malta in preparation for the summit in Yalta with Soviet leader Marshal Josef Stalin.  More than 900 B-17 bombers of the USAAF Eighth Air Force, protected by over 550 P-51 fighter escorts, attacked the Berlin railway system.  The U.S. Sixth Army aided by Allied Philippine Commonwealth troops and recognized guerillas reached Manila.  Santo Tomas University in Manila was liberated.  The first firebombing raid on Japan was conducted by the U.S. Army Air Forces on the city of Kobe.  The Yalta Conference (codenamed "Argonaut") was held.  San Francisco, California was selected for site of United Nations Conference to be held in April, 1945.  The siege of the Hungarian capitol city of Budapest ended with the unconditional surrender of a collection of Axis forces.  Close to 800 RAF Lancaster bombers bombed the center of Dresden with incendiaries and high explosives, starting a firestorm.  After an initial naval and air bombardment, the first of 30,000 U.S. Marines landed on the beaches of Iwo Jima.  Allied Air Forces launch Operation Clarion, a concerted effort to wipe out all forms of transport available to the Germans in 24 hours.  U.S. Marines captured the crest of Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima's highest peak and most strategic position, and raised the U.S. flag.  22 ships (73,022 tons) were sunk and 2 ships (15,305 tons) were damaged by U-boats during February 1945.  
   
  Events occurring in February 1945 with no specific dates  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  The F reactor went on-line at Hanford, Washington raising theoretical production of capacity to 21 kg of plutonium a month.  
   
  Planning for an implosion bomb test began in earnest.  
   
  Initiator tests began. Demand for polonium rose to 100 curies/month. Initiators were the triggers that set off the atomic bombs and polonium the element that was used to set off the device.  
   
  Admiral Chester A. Nimitz, Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, was notified of the nature of the atomic bomb project. “This sounds fine,” he told the courier, “but this is only February. Can't we get one sooner?”  
   
  Tinian Island in the Northern Marianas was selected as the base of operations for the atomic attacks on Japan.  
     
   
     
   
 

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