Events occurring on Saturday, January 6, 1945  
  Diplomacy  
  The Turkish government broke off diplomatic relations with Japan.  
   
  The Liberation of the Philippine Islands  
  U.S. Navy Task Group 77.2 (consisting of the battleships USS California, USS Colorado, USS Mississippi, USS New Mexico, USS Pennsylvania, and USS West Virginia and supporting cruisers and destroyers) and Task Group 77.6 (Minesweeping and Hydrographic Group) reached Lingayen Gulf area and began naval bombardment and mine sweeping.  
   
  Japanese kamikazes plane attacks intensified against the American Lingayen Gulf invasion force. Kamikazes damaged battleships USS New Mexico (BB 40) (killing members of an observing British military mission) and USS USS California (BB 44), light cruiser USS Columbia (CL 56) and destroyers USS Newcomb (DD 586) (she is also hit by friendly fire) and USS Richard P. Leary (DD 664), heavy cruiser USS Louisville (CA-28), destroyers USS Allen M. Sumner (DD-692) and USS O'Brien (DD-725). The destroyer USS Lowry (DD 770) was damaged by friendly fire. Temporary repairs were made to the USS California, and the battleship remained until the mission was completed. The USS Mississippi also remained to support invasion forces until February 10, when she sailed to Pearl Harbor for repairs.  
   
  Kamikazes also attacked the minesweeping group and sank the high speed minesweeper USS Long (DMS 12) and damaged the high speed minesweeper USS Southard (DMS 10) and high speed transport USS Brooks (APD 10). The destroyer USS Walke (DD 723), on detached duty covering the minesweeping operations was attacked by four Japanese aircraft; one hit the ship's bridge, drenching it with burning gasoline and mortally wounding thye USS Walke's commanding officer, Commander George F. Davis. Davis nevertheless remained at his post, conning his ship amidst the wreckage and rallying his crew. Carried below only when assured that his ship would survive, he died of his wounds within hours. Davis was subsequently awarded the Medal of Honor, posthumously.  
   
  As a consequence of the kamikaze attacks, U.S. Navy Task Force 38, under command of Vice Admiral John S. McCain, shifts its focus from Formosa to begin operations against Japanese airfields and shipping in the Luzon area. In the South China Sea off northern Luzon, U.S. Navy carrier-based planes sank the army cargo ship Kyodo Maru and merchant tankers No.1 Nanko Maru and 8 Iyasaka Maru and 6 Kyoei Maru and 10 Nanshin Maru and 10 Kyoei Maru and No.3 Kyoei Maru.  
   
  The Central Pacific Theater  
  Aircraft of the Fourth Marine Aircraft Wing and Fleet Air Wing Two encountered meager antiaircraft fire in neutralizing attacks on enemy held bases in the Marshalls.  
   
  The Air War over Japan  
  10 aircraft of the 444th Bombardment Group (58th Bomb Wing, 20th Army Air Force) bombed their primary in Omura, Japan.  
   
  USAAF B-24 Liberators from the 14th Air Force bombed targets in the vicinity Cape St. Jacques, French Indonesia and sank the auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 64 off Poulo Condore Island and the merchant tanker No.3 Iyasaka Maru off Cape St. Jacques.  
   
  The U.S. Army Air Forces  
  General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold announced that he was naming Major General Curtis E. LeMay as the new commander of the XXI Bomber Command in the Marianas, replacing Brig. General Haywood ‘Possum’ Hansell.  
   
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The destroyer HMS Walpole (D 41), commanded by Lt. George C. Crowley, was heavily damaged by a mine off Flushing, the Netherlands. 2 of the crew were killed. She was taken back to Kent where she was declared a constructive total loss not worth repairing.  
   
  Allied Submarine Warfare in the Pacific  
  The submarine USS Sea Robin (SS-407), commanded by Lt. Commander Paul C. Stimson, attacked a Japanese convoy and torpedoed and sank the 5135 ton Japanese fleet tanker Tarakan Maru east of Hainan in the South China Sea.  
   
  The submarine USS Besugo (SS-321), commanded by Commander Thomas L. Wogan, torpedoed and sank the 10020 ton Japanese fleet tanker IJN Nichei Maru in the Gulf of Siam.  
   
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The U-3519 was commissioned. Her first commander was Kapitänleutnant Richard von Harpe.  
     
   
  January 1945 Calendar  
   
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