Events occurring on Tuesday, January 23, 1945  
  The Battle of the Atlantic  
  The Norwegian steam merchant Vigsnes was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1172, commanded by Oberfähnrich zur See Jürgen Kuhlmann, off Isle of Anglesey in the Irish Sea. Of the ship’s complement, all 25 survived by using a lifeboat and made landfall about seven hours later at Lynas Point Cove near Anglesey. The 1,599 ton Vigsnes was carrying coal and was heading for Mersey, England.  
  Allied Submarine Warfare in the Pacific  
  As an element of U.S. Navy Task Group 17.21 (coordinated attack group), the submarine USS Barb (SS 220), commanded by Commander Eugene B. Fluckey, entered the shallow harbor of Namkwan, China and attacked Japanese Convoy MOTA 32.  Despite her claim that she sank three vessels, probably sank a fourth, and damaged two more, she actually only sank the 5,244 ton Japanese merchant Taikyo Maru.  
  The submarine USS Sennet (SS 408), commanded by Commander George E. Porter, Jr., sank the Japanese guard boat Kainan Maru No.7 with gunfire off the Bonin Islands.  
  The submarine USS Nautilus (SS 168), commanded by Commander William D. Irvin, delivered supplies to Filipino guerillas on the east coast of Mindanao, Philippine Islands.  
  Japanese Submarine Warfare  
  The destroyer escort USS Conklin (DE 439), supported by the USS Corbesier (DE 438) and USS Raby (DE 698) sank the submarine IJN I-48 (fresh from her unsuccessful kaiten mission to Ulithi), 25 miles off Yap, Caroline Islands.  
  The Southwest Pacific Theater  
  Mines laid by RAF Liberators the previous day sank the Japanese merchant tanker No.1 Hozan Maru and cargo ship Nikkaku Maru south of Sembilan Island Sumatra.  
  Naval Action in the Indian Ocean  
  The submarine HMS Rorqual (N 74), commanded by Lt. J.P.H. Oakley, laid 12 mines from her torpedo tubes in minefield ML 027 off the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.  
  Resisting the Nazis  
  Helmuth J Moltke, a German jurist, a member of the opposition against Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany, and a founding member of the Kreisau Circle resistance group, was executed at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin. In a letter written while in custody, he revealed his motivation for resistance to his two sons: "Since National Socialism came to power, I have striven to make its consequences milder for its victims and to prepare the way for a change. In that, my conscience drove me – and in the end, that is a man's duty."  
  Ships Commissioned  
  A ship's commissioning was when the ship was handed over, post fittings and trials, to the end user which, in this case, was a combatant navy.  
  The U-2360 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Kurt Schrobach.  
  The U-3523 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Willi Müller.  
  January 1945 Calendar  
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The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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