Calendar and Summary for January 1945  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
    1   2   3   4   5   6
7   8   9   10   11   12   13
14   15   16   17   18   19   20
21   22   23   24   25   26   27
28   29   30   31            
 
   
  December 1944 February 1945  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for January 1945  
   
  Operation Baseplate was launched by the Luftwaffe against Allied air bases in Belgium and Holland.  The British landed the British 3rd Commando Brigade and the Indian 25th Division on the northwest tip of Akyab Island in Burma. The Japanese retreated across the Irrawaddy River.  General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold announced that he was naming Major General Curtis E. LeMay as the new commander of the XXI Bomber Command.  The concentration camps of Auschwitz I and Auschwitz-Birkenau were liberated by Soviet troops.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler authorized the gradual withdrawal of German Army from the Ardennes.  American forces broke through the German lines at Bavigne, Luxembourg.  The 25th “Tropic Lightning” Division, now assigned to the Sixth Army, landed on Luzon, Philippines, at San Fabian.  The Red Army began the Vistula-Oder offensive across the Narew River and the River Vistula.  The German High Command decided to withdraw its forces back behind the Siegfried Line.  The first convoy of 113 vehicles departed on the Ledo Road bound for Kunming, China.  The Soviet 1st Belorussian Front liberated Warsaw.  Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg was last seen leaving Budapest with his driver and three Soviet officers.  Franklin D. Roosevelt was sworn in as the President of the United States for the fourth time.  Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz implemented Operation Hannibal, an effort to transport millions of German refugees in East Prussia fleeing before the advancing Soviet armies to Germany.  The last of the German forces in Luxembourg surrendered.  The Battle of the Bulge ended.  The Germans abandoned the port of Memel, Lthuania.  About 30,000 men of the U.S. XI Corps, commanded by Major General Charles P. Hall, landed at San Antonio north of Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands.  The Malta Conference began.  The first Red Army troops of Marshal Georgy Zhukov reached the Oder River in Germany.  U.S. Army private Edward D. Slovik was executed for desertion.  20 ships (89,578 tons) were sunk and 4 ships (18,658 tons) were damaged by U-boats during January 1945.  
   
  Events occurring in January 1945 with no specific dates  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  Output at the Y-12 electromagnetic plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee reached an average of 204 grams of 80% U-235 a day. The projected production of sufficient material for a bomb (approximately 40 kilograms) was July 1.  
   
  Usable barrier tubes began arriving at the K-25 gaseous diffusion plant at Oak Ridge.  
   
  160 grams of plutonium from the X-Pile at Oak Ridge was on hand at Los Alamos, New Mexico. The first shipment from Hanford, Washington had not yet arrived.  
   
  Substantial production of approximately 0.85% enriched uranium began at S-50 thermal diffusion plant at Oak Ridge, with ten of 21 racks going in to operation.  
     
   
     
   
 

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