Calendar and Summary for July 1945  
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  June 1945 August 1945  
  Summary of Significant Events for July 1945  
  The Australian 7th Division landed at Balikpapan, Borneo.  The American military announced that operations on Okinawa and the other Ryukyu Islands were officially concluded.  Allied occupation troops arrived in Berlin, Germany.  General Dwight D. Eisenhower announced the closure of SHAEF.  Lights went on at night in London's West End, ending over 2,000 nights of blackouts and dim-outs.  The world's first atomic bomb was exploded at Alamagordo in New Mexico.  The Potsdam Conference, codenamed Terminal, of the Big Three (Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States) was held.  The 33rd Army under command of General Masaki Honda launched an offensive to break out of their encircled positions Burma.  The trial of Nazi collaborator Marshal Philippe Pétain, the former head of state of Vichy France, began at the Palais de Justice in Paris.  The Potsdam Declaration was issued demanding the immediate and unconditional surrender of Japan.  The heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis (CA-35) arrived at the American base on Tinian with its cargo of uranium and major components of the atomic bomb to be dropped on Hiroshima.  Clement Attlee, leading the Labour Party defeated Prime Minister Winston Churchill and the ruling Conservative Party in the British general elections.  The United States Senate ratified the United Nations Charter by 89 votes to 2.  
  Events occurring in July 1945 with no specific dates  

The objective of is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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