Calendar and Summary for March 1945  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
                1   2   3
4   5   6   7   8   9   10
11   12   13   14   15   16   17
18   19   20   21   22   23   24
25   26   27   28   29   30   31
 
   
  February 1945 April 1945  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for March 1945  
   
  The 1st Belarus Front under Marshall Georgy Zhukov opened a massive offensive in Pomerania.  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the results of the Yalta Conference to the U.S. Congress.  King Michael of Romania asked Petru Groza, the leader of the leftist Plowman's Front, to form a new government.  Finland declared war on Germany.  Cologne was captured, the first major German city to be occupied by the Allies.  Germany launched Operation Frühlingserwachen (Spring Awakening) with attacks near Lake Balaton in Hungary.  The Germans began to evacuate Danzig.  The Ludendorff Bridge (the Bridge at Remagen) was captured by elements of the U.S. Army's 9th Armored Division.  U.S. B-29 bombers firebombed Tokyo, Japan with 1,665 tons of incendiary bombs that destroyed sixteen square miles of the city, killed 83,700, and injured 40,000.  Japanese forces in Indochina overthrew the Vichy French Government of Jean Decoux.  The U.S. 8th army landed on Mindanao Island in the Philippines.  RAF "Dambusters" attacked the Bielefeld railway viaduct destroying two spans of the viaduct in the first use of a “Grand Slam” bomb.  Iwo Jima was officially declared secure.  German Chancellor Adolf Hitler issued the “Nero Decree” that ordered the destruction of German infrastructure.  The Arab League was founded following the Protocol of Alexandria signed by seven Arab States.  Operation Varsity, the crossing of the Rhine, began.  General Dwight D. Eisenhower said that the German army on the Western Front in Europe was a "whipped army" during a news conference.  The first units of the Red Army to enter Austria crossed the border at Güns/Köszeg.  The final German positions in Danzig were overcome by Soviet forces.  Eisenhower broadcasted a demand for the Germans to surrender.  U.S. Marines landed without opposition on Keise Shima, four islets just 8 miles west of the Okinawan capital of Naha.  19 ships (69,408 tons) were sunk and 2 ships (7,011 tons) were damaged by U-boats during March 1945.  
   
  Events occurring in March 1945 with no specific dates  
   
  The Atomic Bombs  
  The S-50 thermal diffusion plant finally began enriching uranium in quantity at Oak Ridge, Tennessee.  
   
  The first evidence of solid compression from implosion was observed (5%).  
     
   
     
   
 

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