Calendar and Summary for May 1945  
 
SUN   MON   TUE   WED   THU   FRI   SAT
        1   2   3   4   5
6   7   8   9   10   11   12
13   14   15   16   17   18   19
20   21   22   23   24   25   26
27   28   29   30   31        
 
   
  April 1945 June 1945  
   
  Summary of Significant Events for May 1945  
   
  Reich Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels and his wife committed suicide after poisoning their six children. U.S. forces were forbidden to advance farther into the Soviet designated zone across the Elbe and Mulde Rivers.  The Battle of Berlin ended when the Germans unconditionally surrendered the city to Soviet forces. Germans forces in Italy surrendered.  Rangoon was captured by the British 26th Indian Division.  Japanese forces launched a counteroffensive from positions in southern Okinawa but failed to break through the American lines. The 400,000 strong German Army Group G surrendered to Lt. General Jacob Devers and the U.S. 6th Army Group.  Denmark was liberated from Nazi control by Allied troops.  At the headquarters of SHAEF in Rheims, France, German armed forces signed the unconditional surrender instrument, effective at 12:01 am on May 9.  Former Reichsmarschall Hermann W. Göring was arrested by U.S. troops southeast of Salzburg, Austria.  The German surrender was ratified at a second signing in Berlin.  U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson's Interim Committee met to recommend use of the atomic bomb.  The 6th Australian Division occupied Wewak on the New Guinea coast.  A number of Spanish Nationalist officials participated in a requiem mass for Chancellor Adolf Hitler.  The 150,000-strong German Army Group Kurland in East Prussia and Latvia surrendered to Soviet forces.  A fire bombing raid Nagoya was conducted by American B-29 Superfortress bombers resulting in nearly 6 square miles of the city being incinerated.  U.S. President Harry S. Truman informed the French that the United States would relinquish part of the American Zone of Occupation in Germany to French control.  Chinese troops had reoccupied port of Foochow.  French troops arrived in Syria and Lebanon. Arab nationalists launched protest demonstrations against their presence.  Former Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler committed suicide.  Japanese paratroopers attacked American held airstrips on Okinawa.  The U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff met in Washington and approved plans for invading Japan.  U.S. B-29s raided Tokyo again and burned out nearly 16 square miles of the city.  Nationalist Chinese troops captured the city of Nanning cutting off the 200,000 Japanese troops in Burma, Thailand, Indochina, and Malaya.  The Royal Navy announced the end of the convoy system for shipping operating in the Atlantic, Arctic, and Indian Oceans.  Admiral Soemu Toyoda replaced Admiral Koshirō Oikawa as Chief of the Navy General Staff.  The Iranian government formally requested the withdrawal of American, British, and Soviet troops from Iran.  Representatives of the Norwegian government in exile returned to Oslo.  5 ships (10,705 tons) were sunk and 1 ship (6,386) was damaged by U-boats during May 1945.  
   
  Events occurring in May 1945 with no specific dates  
     
   
     
   
 

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