April 1943 events of the Battle of the Atlantic  
  Naval Action in the Atlantic Ocean  
  Sunday, April 11, 1943  
  Escorting Convoy ON-176, the destroyer HMS Beverley (H 64), commanded by Lt. Rodney A. Price, was torpedoed and sunk by the U-188, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Siegfried Lüdden, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 151 died and 4 survived.  
   
  Sunday, April 18, 1943  
  The submarine HMS P-615, commanded by Lt. Charles Lambert, was torpedoed and sunk by the U-123, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Horst von Schroeter, about 100 miles southwest of Freetown, Sierra Leone. Of the ship’s complement, all 44 died.  
   
  U-Boat Losses  
  xx.  
   
  Attacks on Allied and Neutral Merchant Ships  
  Friday, April 2, 1943  
  Sailing with Convoy U-124, the British steam merchant Gogra was torpedoed and sunk by the U-124, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Johann Mohr, approximately 320 miles west of Oporto, Portugal in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 82 died and 8 survivors were picked up by the British merchant Danby. The 5,190 ton Gogra was carrying general cargo, military stores, ammunition, and torpedoes and was heading for Bombay, India.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy U-124, the British steam merchant Katha was torpedoed and sunk by the U-124 approximately 320 miles west of Oporto. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died and 58 survivors were picked up by the British steam merchant Danby and the corvette HMS La Malouine (K 46). The 4,357 ton Katha was carrying naval and military stores, including 16 Hurricane aircraft and a fire engine and was heading for Calcutta, India.  
   
  The unescorted British motor merchant Melbourne Star was torpedoed and sunk by the U-129, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Hans-Ludwig Witt, about 480 miles southeast of Bermuda in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 115 died and 4 survived. The 12,806 ton Melbourne Star was carrying government stores, general cargo, ammunition, and torpedoes and was heading for Sydney, Australia.  
   
  The unescorted Norwegian steam merchant Lysefjord was torpedoed and sunk by the U-155, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Adolf Cornelius Piening, in the Caribbean Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 4 died and 19 survivors were picked up by an American ship. The 1,091 ton Lysefjord was carrying umber, asphalt, and machinery and was heading for Puerto Barrios, Guatemala.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy NC-9, the British steam passenger ship City of Baroda was torpedoed and sunk by the U-509, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Werner Witte, northwest of Capetown, South Africa, in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement and passengers, 8 died and 325 survivors were picked up by the ASW trawler HMS Cape Warwick (FY 167). The 7,129 ton City of Baroda was carrying general cargo, bags of mail, and passengers and was heading for Calcutta, India.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy TE-20, the French steam trawler Simon Duhamel II was torpedoed and sunk by the U-755, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Walter Göing, off Cape d´Alboran in the western Mediterranean Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 53 died and 1 survived. The 92 ton Simon Duhamel was heading for Algiers, Algiers.  
   
  Saturday, April 3, 1943  
  The unescorted American steam tanker Gulfstate was torpedoed and sunk by the U-155, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Adolf Cornelius Piening, about 50 miles southeast of Marathon Key, Florida in the Caribbean Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 43 died and 18 survivors were picked up by the patrol craft USS YP-351. The 6,882 ton Gulfstate was carrying crude oil and was heading for Portland, Maine.  
   
  Monday, April 5, 1943  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Aloe was torpedoed and sunk by the U-182, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Asmus Nicolai Clausen, 420 miles southeast of Durban, South Africa in the western Indian Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 47 survived and were picked up by the American merchant Alexander Ramsey. The 5,047 ton Aloe was carrying wheat, timber, lead, and mail and was heading for Durban.  
   
  A romper from Convoy HX-231, the Swedish motor merchant Vaalaren was torpedoed and sunk by the U-229, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Robert Schetelig, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 38 died. The 3,406 ton Vaalaren was carrying general cargo and was heading for Belfast Lough, Northern Ireland.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy HX-231, the American motor tanker Sunoil was torpedoed and sunk by the U-530, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Kurt Lange, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 69 died. The 9,005 ton Sunoil was carrying Navy fuel oil and was heading for the United Kingdom.  
   
  The British motor merchant Shillong was torpedoed and sunk by the U-630, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Werner Winkler, southeast of Cape Farewell, Greenland in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 71 died and 7 survivors were picked up by the British rescue ship Zamalek. The 5,529 ton Shillong was carrying zinc concentrates, grain, and general cargo and was heading for Swansea, England.  
   
  The British motor merchant Waroonga was torpedoed and sunk by the U-630 southeast of Cape Farewell. Of the ship’s complement, 19 died and 113 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Loosestrife (K 105) and the American Liberty ship Joel R. Poinsett. The 9,365 ton Waroonga was carrying butter, lead, canned meat, beef, and bags of mail and was heading for Liverpool, England.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy HX-231, the British steam tanker British Ardour was torpedoed and sunk by the U-706, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Alexander von Zitzewitz, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 62 survived and were picked up by the corvette HMS Snowflake (K 211). The 7,124 ton British Ardour was carrying Admiralty fuel oil and was heading for Greenock, Scotland.  
   
  Tuesday, April 6, 1943  
  Sailing with Convoy GTMO-83, the American steam merchant John Sevier was torpedoed and sunk by the U-185, commanded by Kapitänleutnant August Maus, about 20 miles southwest of Great Inagua Island, the Bahamas in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 57 survived and were picked up by the destroyer USS Bennett (DD-473). The 7,176 ton John Sevier was carrying bauxite ore and was heading for Mobile, Alabama.  
   
  A romper from Convoy HX-231, the Dutch steam merchant Blitar was torpedoed and sunk by the U-632, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Hans Karpf, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 26 died and 36 survived. The 7,065 ton Blitar was carrying general cargo, including cowhides, fertilizer, and foodstuffs and was heading for Liverpool, England.  
   
  Thursday, April 8, 1943  
  The Spanish motor merchant Castillo Montealegre was torpedoed and sunk by the U-123, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Horst von Schroeter, west of Conakry, French Guinea in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 12 died and 29 survivors were picked up by the ASW trawler HMS Inkpen (T 225). The 3,972 ton Castillo Montealegre was carrying general cargo and timber and was heading for Valencia, Spain.  
   
  Friday, April 9, 1943  
  The French motor merchant Bamako was torpedoed and sunk by the U-515, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Werner Henke, in a small convoy off Dakar, Senegal in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died. The 2,357 ton Bamako was carrying coffee and was heading for Algeria.  
   
  Sunday, April 11, 1943  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Empire Whimbrel was torpedoed and sunk by the U-181, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Wolfgang Lüth, about 420 miles southwest of Freetown, Sierra Leone in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 53 survived and were picked up by the destroyers HMS Wolverine (D 78) and HMS Witch (D 89). The 5983 ton Empire Whimbrel was carrying refrigerated and canned meat and was heading for the United Kingdom.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy UGS-7, the American steam merchant James W. Denver was torpedoed and sunk by the U-195, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Heinz Buchholz, about 475 miles west of Las Palmas, Canary Islands in the central Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 2 died and 67 survived. The 7,200 ton James W. Denver was carrying sugar, acid, flour, aircraft parts, vehicles, bulldozers, and 12 P-38 aircraft on deck and was heading for Casablanca, Morocco.  
   
  A romper from Convoy ONS-2, the Norwegian steam merchant Ingerfire was torpedoed and sunk by the U-613, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Helmut Köppe, about 400 miles east of Newfoundland in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 8 died and 28 survivors were picked up by the destroyer HMCS St Croix (I 81) and the corvette HMCS Camrose (K 154). The 3,835 ton Ingerfire was carrying ballast and was heading for Halifax, Canada.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy HX-232 American steam merchant Edward B. Dudley was torpedoed and sunk by the U-615, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Ralph Kapitzky, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 69 died. The 7,177 ton Edward B. Dudley was carrying munitions, food, and cotton and was heading for the United Kingdom.  
   
  Monday, April 12, 1943  
  Sailing with Convoy ON-176, the British steam merchant Lancastrian Prince was torpedoed and sunk by the U-404, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto von Bülow, east of Newfoundland in the western Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 45 died. The 1,914 ton Lancastrian Prince was carrying ballast and was heading for Boston, Massachusetts.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy HX-232, the British motor merchant Pacific Grove was torpedoed and sunk by the U-563, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Götz von Hartmann, southeast of Cape Farewell, Greenland in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 11 died and 56 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Azalea (K 25). The 7,117 ton Pacific Grove was carrying general cargo and diesel oil and was heading for Glasgow, Scotland.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy HX-232, the Dutch steam merchant Ulysses was torpedoed and sunk by the U-563 southeast of Cape Farewell. Of the ship’s complement, all 41 survived and were picked up by the corvette HMS Azalea (K 25). The 7,117 ton Ulysses was carrying general cargo, government stores, and ammunition and was heading for Avonmouth, England.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy HX-232, the British motor merchant Fresno City was torpedoed and sunk by the U-706, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Alexander von Zitzewitz, southeast of Cape Farewell, Greenland in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 45 survived and were picked up by the corvette HMS Azalea (K 25). The 7,261 ton Fresno City was carrying manganese ore, general cargo, and mail and was heading for Liverpool, England.  
   
  Sunday, April 18, 1943  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Empire Bruce was torpedoed and sunk by the U-123, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Horst von Schroeter, about 100 miles southwest of Freetown, Sierra Leone. Of the ship’s complement, all 49 survived and were picked up by the minesweeper HMS MMS-107. The 7,459 ton Empire Bruce was carrying linseed and was heading for the United Kingdom.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy HX-233, the British steam merchant Fort Rampart was torpedoed and sunk by the U-226, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Rolf Borchers, about 900 miles east-northeast of the Azores in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died and 50 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMCS Arvida (K 113). The 7,134 ton Fort Rampart was carrying lumber and general cargo and was heading for Hull, England.  
   
  Monday, April 19, 1943  
  A straggler from Convoy HX-234, the American steam merchant Robert Gray was torpedoed and sunk by the U-108, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Ralf-Reimar Wolfram, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 62 died. The 7,176 ton Robert Gray was carrying general war supplies and was heading for London, England.  
   
  Wednesday, April 21, 1943  
  Sailing with Convoy ON-178, the Norwegian motor merchant Scebeli was torpedoed and sunk by the U-191, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Helmut Fiehn, southeast of Cape Farewell, Greenland in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 2 died and 39 survivors were picked up by the frigate HMS Kale (K 241). The 3,025 ton Scebeli was carrying ballast and bags of mail and was heading for New York, New York.  
   
  A straggler from Convoy ONS-3, the British steam merchant Wanstead was torpedoed and sunk by the U-413, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Gustav Poel, northeast of St. Johns in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 2 died and 48 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Poppy (K 213) and the ASW trawler HMS Northern Gift (4.50). The 5,486 ton Wanstead was carrying ballast and was heading for New York, New York.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy ONS-3, the British steam merchant Ashantian was torpedoed and sunk by the U-415, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Kurt Neide, south of Cape Farewell, Greenland in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 16 died and 58 survivors were picked up by the ASW trawler HMS Northern Gift (4.50). The 4,917 ton Ashantian was carrying ballast and mail and was heading for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  
   
  Thursday, April 22, 1943  
  A straggler from Convoy HX-234, the British motor merchant Amerika was torpedoed and sunk by the U-306, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Claus von Trotha, south of Cape Farewell, Greenland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement and passengers, 86 died and 54 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Asphodel (K 56). The 10,218 ton Amerika was carrying general cargo, including metal, flour, meat, and bags of mail and was heading for Liverpool, England.  
   
  Saturday, April 24, 1943  
  The unescorted American steam merchant Santa Catalina was torpedoed and sunk by the U-129, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Hans-Ludwig Witt, about 370 miles southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 95 survived and were picked up by the Swedish motor merchant Venezia. The 6,507 ton Santa Catalina was carrying lend-lease cargo, including tanks, steel, tires, gasoline, and small arms and was heading for Busreh, Iran.  
   
  Sunday, April 25, 1943  
  A straggler from Convoy RU-71, the British steam merchant Rosenborg was torpedoed and sunk by the U-386, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Albrecht Kandler, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 28 died and 2 survivors were picked up by the British rescue ship Goodwin. The 1,997 ton Rosenborg was carrying ballast and was heading for Swansea, England.  
   
  Tuesday, April 27, 1943  
  The Dutch steam merchant Merope was torpedoed and sunk by the U-371, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Waldemar Mehl, about 10 miles east-northeast of Cape Bengut, Algeria in the Mediterranean Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 10 died and 24 survivors were picked up by two merchant ships. The 1,162 ton Merope was carrying ballast and was headed for Oran, Algeria.  
   
  Thursday, April 29, 1943  
  Sailing with Convoy ONS-5, the American steam merchant McKeesport was torpedoed and sunk by the U-258, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Wilhelm von Mässenhausen, in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 67 survivors were picked up by the ASW trawler HMS Northern Gem (FY 194). The 6,198 ton McKeesport was carrying sand ballast and was heading for New York, New York.  
   
  Friday, April 30, 1943  
  Sailing with Convoy TS-37, the British steam merchant Bandar Shahpour was torpedoed and sunk by the U-515, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Werner Henke, about 130 miles southwest of Freetown, Sierra Leone in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 77 survivors were picked up by the ASW trawler HMS Birdlip (T 218). The 5,236 ton Bandar Shahpour was carrying general cargo, including oil seeds, manganese ore, rubber, and copra and was heading for the United Kingdom.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy TS-37, the British steam merchant Corabella was torpedoed and sunk by the U-515, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Werner Henke, approximately 130 miles southwest of Freetown, Sierra Leone in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 9 died and 39 survivors were picked up by the ASW trawler HMS Birdlip (T 218). The 5,682 ton Corabella was carrying manganese ore and was heading for the United Kingdom.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy TS-37, the Dutch motor merchant Kota Tjandi was torpedoed and sunk by the U-515 approximately 130 miles southwest of Freetown. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died and 71 survived. The 7,295 ton Kota Tjandi was carrying potash, tin, and some general cargo and was heading for the United Kingdom.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy TS-37, the Dutch motor merchant British steam merchant Nagina was torpedoed and sunk by the U-515 approximately 130 miles southwest of Freetown. Of the ship’s complement, 2 died and 111 survivors were picked up by the ASW trawler HMS Birdlip (T 218). The 6,551 ton Nagina was carrying general cargo, including pig iron, jute, oil seeds, mica, and tea and was heading for the United Kingdom.  
   
  Axis Merchant Shipping Losses  
  Thursday, April 1, 1943  
  British coastal fighters and torpedo planes engaged the Italian blockade-runner Pietro Orseolo off the coast of Spain in the Bay of Biscay in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Escorting German destroyers shot down five of the attacking aircraft, but the submarine USS Shad (SS-235), commanded by Lt. Commander Edgar J. MacGregor, III, hit the ship with a torpedo and caused substantial damage. For more information on this vessel visit the USS Shad page on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Other Battle of the Atlantic Events  
  Monday, April 5, 1943  
  Poon Lim reached land after being adrift in the southern Atlantic Ocean for 133 days. Poon Lim was working on the British merchant ship SS Ben Lomond when it was torpedoed by the U-172 on November 23, 1942. King George VI bestowed a British Empire Medal on him, and the Royal Navy incorporated his tale into manuals of survival techniques.  
   
  Thursday, April 8, 1943  
  Poon Lim, the Chinese second mess steward who was the sole survivor of the British Steam merchant Benlomond that was torpedoed and sunk of November 23, 1942 was rescued after an 133 days alone on a Carley raft by a Brazilian fishing vessel east of Salinas.  
     
   
     
   
 

The objective of WW2Timelines.com is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

 
   
  Copyright 2011
WW2timelines.com
Contact us using our email page