June 1943 events of the Battle of the Atlantic  
  Naval Action in the Atlantic Ocean  
  xx.  
   
  U-Boat Losses  
  xx.  
   
  Attacks on Allied and Neutral Merchant Ships  
  Tuesday, June 1, 1943  
  Sailing with Convoy CD-20, the Dutch steam merchant Salabangka was torpedoed and sunk by the U-178, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Wilhelm Dommes, east of Durban, South Africa in the eastern Indian Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 10 died and 75 survivors were picked up by the rescue tug HMS Masterful (W 20). The 6,586 ton Salabangka was carrying government cargo and was headed for Suez, Egypt.  
   
  Thursday, June 3, 1943  
  A straggler from Convoy BX-55, the Panamanian motor merchant Halma struck a mine and sank off Halifax, Nova Scotia in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 48 survived and were picked up by the Canadian sailing vessel Caroline Rose. The 2,937 ton Halma was carrying general cargo for U.S. bases and was headed for Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland.  
   
  The unescorted Greek steam merchant Boris was torpedoed and sunk by the U-180, commanded by Werner Musenberg, west of Ascension Island in the southern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 37 survived. The 5,166 ton Boris was carrying general cargo, including bauxite, castor seed, and poplar wood and was headed for Belfast, Ireland.  
   
  Sunday, June 6, 1943  
The unescorted American steam merchant William King was torpedoed and sunk by the U-198, commanded by Kapitän zur See Werner Hartmann, about 200 miles east of Durban, South Africa in the western Indian Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died and 59 survivors were picked up by the ASW trawler HMS Northern Chief (4.34) and the destroyer HMS Relentless (H 85). The 7,176 ton William King was carrying fuel oil in drums and was headed for the Durban and Capetown, South Africa.
   
  Monday, June 7, 1943  
  The unescorted South African steam merchant Harrier was torpedoed and sunk by the U-181, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Wolfgang Lüth, about 200 miles east of Durban, South Africa in the western Indian Ocean. All of the ship’s complement of 16 died. The 193 ton Harrier was carrying gasoline and was headed for Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.  
   
  Thursday, June 10, 1943  
  The unescorted American turbine tanker Esso Gettysburg was torpedoed and sunk by the U-66, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Friedrich Markworth, about 100 miles southeast of Savannah, Georgia in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 57 died and 15 survivors were picked up by the American steam passenger ship George Washington. The 10,173 ton Esso Gettysburg was carrying crude oil and was headed for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  
   
  Monday, June 21, 1943  
  The unescorted Swedish motor merchant Venezia was torpedoed and sunk by the U-513, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Friedrich Guggenberger, off Rio de Janeiro, Brzail in the southern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 27 survived. The 1,673 ton Venezia was carrying general cargo, including tobacco, coffee, cocoa, cocoa butter, and drums of vegetable oil and was headed for Buenos Aires, Argentina.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy TE-22, the British steam merchant Brinkburn was torpedoed and sunk by the U-73, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Horst Deckert, immediately west of Algiers, Algeria in the western Mediterranean Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 27 died and 6 survivors were picked up by landing craft and a fishing vessel. The 1,598 ton Brinkburn was carrying government stores including ammunition and was headed for Philippeville, Algeria.  
   
  Tuesday, June 22, 1943  
  Sailing with Convoy UGS-10, the French fleet oiler Lot was torpedoed and sunk by the U-572, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Heinz Kummetat, in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement and passengers, 23 died and 113 survivors were picked up by the oiler USS Merrimack (AO 37) and an escorting corvette. The 4,220 ton Lot was carrying fuel oil and passengers and was headed for Casablanca, Morocco.  
   
  Monday, June 28, 1943  
  Dispersed from Convoy OS-49, the British steam merchant Vernon City was torpedoed and sunk by the U-172, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Carl Emmermann, south-southeast of St. Paul Rocks in the southern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 52 survived and were picked up by the Brazilian coastal tanker Aurora M. The 4,748 ton Vernon City was carrying coal and coke and was headed for Montevideo, Uruguay.  
   
  Axis Merchant Shipping Losses  
  xx.  
   
  Other Battle of the Atlantic Events  
  xx.  
     
   
     
   
 

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