December 1943 events of the Battle of the Atlantic  
  Naval Action in the Atlantic Ocean  
  Friday, December 24, 1943  
  While part of the American hunter-killer Task Group 21.14, formed around escort aircraft carrier USS Card (CVE 11) the destroyer USS Leary (DD 158) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-275, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Helmut Bork, approximately 585 miles west-northwest of Cape Finisterre, Spain in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 97 died and 79 survivors were picked up by the destroyer USS Schenck (DD 159).  
   
  While escorting Convoy OS-62, the destroyer HMS Hurricane (H 06) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-415, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Kurt Neide, northeast of the Azores in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 5 died and the survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Glenarm (K 258).  
   
  While escorting Convoy STL-8, the seaplane tender HMS Dumana was torpedoed and sunk by the U-515, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Werner Henke, west of Sassandra, Ivory Coast in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 39 died and 130 survivors were picked up by the minesweeping trawler HMS Arran (T 06) and the corvette HMS Southern Pride (K 249). The 8,427 ton HMS Dumana was carrying RAF stores and was bound for Takoradi, Ghana.  
   
  Saturday, December 25, 1943  
  The German battle cruiser SMS Scharnhorst , under the command of Rear Admiral Erich Bey set sail from northern Norway to attack convoy JW-55B which had been discovered by German air and submarine patrols.  
   
  Sunday, December 26, 1943  
  The German battle cruiser SMS Scharnhorst was sunk in the Arctic Ocean by a British naval force.  
   
  Tuesday, December 28, 1943  
  A German escort group encountered two British light cruisers, the HMS Enterprise (D52) and HMS Glasgow (21), while attempting to rendezvous with the blockade runner Alsterufer which had been sunk by Allied aircraft the previous day. The light cruisers sank the German torpedo boats T-25 and T-26 and the destroyer Z-27.  
   
  U-Boat Losses  
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  Attacks on Allied and Neutral Merchant Ships  
  Friday, December 3, 1943  
  The unescorted American turbine tanker Touchet was torpedoed and sunk by the U-193, commanded by Hans Pauckstadt, in the Gulf of Mexico. Of the ship’s complement, 10 died and 70 survivors were picked up by the Norwegian steam merchant Lillemor , the destroyer escort USS Falgout (DE 324), and the minesweeper USS Raven (AM 55). The 10,172 ton Touchet was carrying heating oil and was bound for New York, New York.  
   
  Saturday, December 4, 1943  
  Sailing with Convoy KN-280, the Cuban steam merchant Libertad was torpedoed and sunk by the U-129, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Richard von Harpe, off the coast of North Carolina in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 25 died and 18 survivors were picked up by its escorts. The 5,441 ton Libertad was carrying sugar and was bound for Baltimore, Maryland.  
   
  Wednesday, December 8, 1943  
  The unescorted Panamanian motor merchant Colombia was torpedoed and sunk by the U-516, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hans-Rutger Tillessen, 20 miles north of San Blas Point, Panama in the Caribbean Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 4 died and 23 survived. The 1,064 ton Colombia was carrying coffee and cinchona bark and was bound for Cristobal, Dominican Republic.  
   
  Thursday, December 16, 1943  
  The unescorted American turbine tanker McDowell was torpedoed and sunk by the U-516, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hans-Rutger Tillessen, approximately 30 miles north of Aruba in the Caribbean Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 3 died and 70 survivors were picked up by the American steam tanker Fairfax and the USS YMS-56. The 10,195 ton McDowell was carrying water ballast and was bound for Aruba.  
   
  Friday, December 17, 1943  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Kingswood was torpedoed and sunk by the U-515, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Werner Henke, in the Bight of Benin in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 48 survived and reached land by lifeboat. The 5,080 ton Kingswood was carrying cotton and groundnuts and was bound for the United Kingdom.  
   
  Monday, December 20, 1943  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Phemius was torpedoed and sunk by the U-515, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Werner Henke, approximately 30 miles south of Accra, Gold Coast in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 23 died and 93 survivors were picked up by the French corvette FFL Commandant Drogou (J 3040). The 7,406 ton Phemius was carrying government stores and general cargo, including mail and was bound for Beira, Mozambique.  
   
  Axis Merchant Shipping Losses  
  Monday, December 27, 1943  
  Allied aircraft sank the German blockade runner Alsterufer in the Bay of Biscay in the eastern Atlantic Ocean.  
   
  Other Battle of the Atlantic Events  
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