August 1944 events of the Battle of the Atlantic  
 
  Naval Action in the Atlantic Ocean  
  Wednesday, August 2, 1944  
  The destroyer escort USS Fiske (DE 143) was part of the hunter-killer Task Group 22.6 formed around the escort carrier USS Wake Island (CVE 65) and was detached together with the destroyer escort USS Douglas L. Howard (DE 138) to investigate a visual contact about 800 miles east of Cape Race, Newfoundland in the northern Atlantic Ocean when it was torpedoed and sunk by the U-804, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Herbert Meyer. Of the ship’s complement, 30 died and 156 survivors were picked up by the destroyer escort USS Farquhar (DE 139).  
   
  Tuesday, August 8, 1944  
  While escorting Convoy EBC-66 about eight miles off Cornwall, England in the eastern Atlantic Ocean the Canadian corvette HMCS Regina (K 234) slowed down to pick up the survivors of the American steam merchant Ezra Weston that had just been torpedoed by the U-667, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Karl-Heinz Lange, when it was hit and sunk by the same U-boat. Of the ship’s complement, 30 died and 66 survivors were picked up by the armed trawler HMS Jaques Morgand and the British landing ship HMS LCT-644.  
   
  Saturday, August 12, 1944  
  While escorting Convoy BD-5, the Soviet fleet minesweeper T-114 was torpedoed and sunk by the U-365, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Heimar Wedemeyer, in the Kara Sea of the Arctic Ocean.  
   
  While escorting Convoy BD-5, the Soviet fleet minesweeper T-114 was torpedoed and sunk by the U-365, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Heimar Wedemeyer, in the Kara Sea of the Arctic Ocean.  
   
  Monday, August 14, 1944  
  Sailing with Convoy EBC-72, the 1,653 ton American landing ship USS LST-921 was torpedoed and damaged beyond repair by the U-667, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Karl-Heinz Lange, about 11 miles southwest of Hartland Point, England in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 43 died and 70 survivors were picked up by the USS LST-920 and HMS Londonderry (U 76).  
   
  Sailing with Convoy EBC-72, the 246 ton British landing craft HMS LCI(L)-99 was torpedoed and sunk by the U-667, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Karl-Heinz Lange, about 11 miles southwest of Hartland Point, England in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 9 died.  
   
  Tuesday, August 15, 1944  
  Sailing with Convoy FTM-69, the 1,625 ton British landing ship HMS LST-404 was torpedoed and damaged beyond repair by the U-741, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Palmgren, about 35 miles southeast of St. Catherine’s Point, Isle of Wight in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 7 died.  
   
  Friday, August 18, 1944  
  The Norwegian motor boat Lennox was sunk by gunfire by the U-307, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Friedrich-Georg Herrle, Cape Morton in the Van Mijenfjord in the northern Atlantic Ocean.  
   
  Monday, August 21, 1944  
  While escorting Convoy JW-59, the sloop HMS Kite (U 87) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-344, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Ulrich Pietsch, in the Norwegian Sea in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 217 died and 9 survivors were picked up by the destroyer HMS Keppel (D 84).  
   
  The Canadian corvette HMCS Alberni (K 103) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-480, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Joachim Förster, while on patrol in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 59 died and 31 survivors were picked up by the British motor torpedo boats HMS MTB-469 and HMS MTB-470.  
   
  Tuesday, August 22, 1944  
  The Royal Navy conducted an unsuccessful air attack against the German battleship SMS Tirpitz at its anchorage in Alten Fjord, Norway.  
   
  As part of the 5th Escort Group which was covering the force on the German battleship Tirpitz in the Altenfjord the frigate HMS Bickerton (K 466) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-354, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Jürgen Sthamer, in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 38 died.  
   
  While returning with her flotilla to base from a completed minesweeping run off the French coast the fleet minesweeper HMS Loyalty (J 217) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-480, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Joachim Förster, southeast of the Isle of Wight in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 20 died.  
   
  Friday, August 25, 1944  
  The Soviet survey ship KKO-2 was torpedoed and sunk by the U-242, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Karl-Wilhelm Pancke, in the eastern Baltic Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 25 died and7 survived.  
   
  The 500 ton Soviet barge VRD-96 Del´fin was torpedoed and sunk by the U-242, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Karl-Wilhelm Pancke, in the eastern Baltic Sea.  
   
  The landing craft HMS LCT-1074 was torpedoed and sunk by the U-764, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hanskurt von Bremen, in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 10 died and 4 survivors were picked up by rescue boats. The 611 ton HMS LCT-1074 was carrying Sherman tanks and was headed for Omaha Beach, Normandy.  
   
  Saturday, August 26, 1944  
  The Soviet M/S minesweeping trawler T-45 Antikajnen (No 48) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-745, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Wilhelm von Trotha, in the Narva Bay in the eastern Baltic Sea.  
   
  The 411 ton Soviet survey ship Nord was sunk by gunfire by the U-957, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Gerd Schaar, in the Arctic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 18 died and 4 survivors were picked up by the U-957.  
   
  Sunday, August 27, 1944  
  The landing ship USS LST-327 was torpedoed and damaged beyond repair by the U-92, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Wilhelm Brauel, in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 22 died and 78 survivors were picked up by the USS LST-346.  
   
  Tuesday, August 29, 1944  
  The Royal Navy conducted an unsuccessful air attack against the German battleship SMS Tirpitz at its anchorage in Norway.  
   
  U-Boat Losses  
  xx.  
   
  Attacks on Allied and Neutral Merchant Ships  
  Tuesday, August 8, 1944  
  Sailing with Convoy EBC-66, the American steam merchant Ezra Weston was torpedoed and sunk by the U-667, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Karl-Heinz Lange, about eight miles off Cornwall, England in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 71 survived. The 7,176 ton Ezra Weston was carrying army cargo, including trucks, acid, and flour and was headed for Falmouth, England. For more information on these vessels visit the Ezra Weston and the U-667 pages on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Saturday, August 12, 1944  
  Sailing with Convoy BD-5, the Soviet steam merchant Marina Raskova was torpedoed and sunk by the U-365, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Heimar Wedemeyer, in the Kara Sea of the Arctic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement and passengers, 373 died and 259 survived. The 7,540 ton Marina Raskova was headed for Dikson, Soviet Union. For more information on these vessels visit the Marina Raskova and the U-365 pages on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Sunday, August 13, 1944  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Radbury was torpedoed and sunk by the U-862, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Heinrich Timm, west of Madagascar in the western Indian Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 23 died and 32 survived. The 3,614 ton Radbury was carrying coal and was headed for Mombasa, Kenya. For more information on these vessels visit the Radbury and the U-862 pages on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Saturday, August 19, 1944  
  Sailing with Convoy ETC-70, the British steam merchant Saint Enogat was torpedoed and sunk by the U-413, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Dietrich Sachse, southeast of St. Catherine´s Point, Isle of Wight. Of the ship’s complement, 4 died and 37 survivors were picked up by the anding ship infantry HMS Duke of Argyll. The 2,360 ton Saint Enogat was carrying government stores and was headed for Juno beach, Normandy. For more information on these vessels visit the Saint Enogat and the U-413 pages on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Sunday, August 20, 1944  
  Sailing with Convoy ETC-72, the British steam merchant Coral was torpedoed and sunk by the U-764, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hanskurt von Bremen, southeast of St. Catherine´s Point, Isle of Wight in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died and 11 survivors were picked up by the British merchant Roebuck and a Royal Navy motor launch. The 638 ton Coral was carrying ballast and was headed for Southampton, England. For more information on these vessels visit the Coral and the U-764 pages on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Wednesday, August 23, 1944  
  The British steam merchant Fort Yale was torpedoed and sunk by the U-480, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Joachim Förster, 17 miles southeast of St.Catherine´s Point, Isle of Wight in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 66 survivors were picked up by three LCIs. The 7,134 ton Fort Yale was under tow by the British tug HMS Hudson (W 02) and the American tug USS Farallon, having previously sustained mine damage while in convoy ETC-72. For more information on these vessels visit the Fort Yale and the U-480 pages on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Friday, August 25, 1944  
  A straggler from Convoy FTM-74, the British steam merchant Orminster was torpedoed and sunk by the U-480, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Joachim Förster, about 35 miles northwest of Cap d´Antifer, France in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 4 died and 59 survivors were picked up by the corvette HMS Pennywort (K 111) and the minesweeping trawler HMS Damsay (T 208). The 5,712 ton Orminster was carrying ballast and was headed for Portsmouth, England. For more information on these vessels visit the Orminster and the U-480 pages on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Saturday, August 26, 1944  
  Sailing with Convoy EBC-82, the British steam merchant Ashmun J. Clough was torpedoed and sunk by the U-989, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hardo Rodler von Roithberg, north of Cherbourg, France in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 16 died and 19 survivors were picked up by the motor launch HMS ML-450. The 1,791 ton Ashmun J. Clough was carrying military stores and was headed for Utah Beach, Normandy. For more information on these vessels visit the Ashmun J. Clough and the U-989 pages on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Wednesday, August 30, 1944  
  Sailing with Convoy CU-36, the American turbine tanker Jacksonville was torpedoed and sunk by the U-482, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Graf von Hartmut Matuschka, Freiherr von Toppolczan und Spaetgen, about 50 miles north of Londonderry, Northern Ireland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 76 died and 2 survivors were picked up by the destroyer escort USS Poole (DE 151). The 10,448 ton Jacksonville was carrying gasoline and was headed for Loch Ewe, Scotland. For more information on these vessels visit the Jacksonville and the U-482 pages on www.uboat.net.  
   
  Axis Merchant Shipping Losses  
  xx.  
   
  Other Battle of the Atlantic Events  
  xx.  
     
   
     
   
 

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