March 1945 events of the Battle of the Atlantic  
 
  Naval Action in the Atlantic Ocean  
  Friday, March 2, 1945  
  On a submarine hunt together with the Soviet patrol craft BO-222 and BO-226, the Soviet anti-submarine patrol craft BO-224 was torpedoed and sunk by the U-995, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Georg Hess, in the far northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 7 died and 24 survived.  
   
  Saturday, March 3, 1945  
  The British anti-submarine trawler HMS Southern Flower was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1022, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Joachim Ernst, off Reykjavik, Iceland in the northern Atlantic Ocean.  
   
  Saturday, March 10, 1945  
  Dispersed from Convoy FS-1753, the Norwegian minesweeping trawler HNoMS Nordhav II (FY 1906), commanded by Lt. A. Olsen, was torpedoed and sunk by the U-714, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hans-Joachim Schwebcke, off Dundee, Scotland. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died and 17 survivors were picked up by the Norwegian minesweeping trawler trawler HNoMS Syrian.  
   
  Wednesday, March 14, 1945  
  The U-714, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hans-Joachim Schwebcke, was sunk by depth charges by the frigate HMSAS Natal (K 10) and the destroyer HMS Wivern (D 66) in the Firth of Forth in the North Sea. Of the 50 man crew, all hands were lost. The U-714 had previously sunk the Swedish steam merchant Magne earlier that day.  
   
  Saturday, March 17, 1945  
  The fleet minesweeper HMCS Guysborough (J 52), commanded by T/Lt B.T.R. Russell, was torpedoed and sunk by the U-868, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Eduard Turre, about 210 miles north of Cape Finisterre in the Bay of Biscay in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 51 died and 40 survivors were picked up by the frigate HMS Inglis (K 570).  
   
  Tuesday, March 20, 1945  
  The sloop HMS Lapwing (U 62), commanded by Commander John A. Binnie of the 7th Escort Group with Convoy JW-65 was torpedoed and sunk by the U-968, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Otto Westphalen, in the Arctic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 168 died and 61 survivors were picked up by the destroyer HMS Savage (G 20).  
   
  U-Boat Losses  
  xx.  
   
  Attacks on Allied and Neutral Merchant Ships  
  Friday, March 2, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy SC-167, the British motor merchant King Edgar was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1302, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Wolfgang Herwartz, in the St. George´s Channel between the Irish Sea and the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 4 died and 42 survivors were picked up by the frigate HMS Nyasaland (K 587). The 4,536 ton King Edgar was carrying lumber, plywood, lead, and zinc and was heading for London, England.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy SC-167, the Norwegian steam merchant Novasli was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1302 in the St. George´s Channel. Of the ship’s complement, all 37 survived were picked up by the anti-submarine trawler HMS Helier II (FY 312). The 3,204 ton Novasli was carrying lumber and was heading for London, England.  
   
  Thursday, March 8, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy ONA-289, the British steam merchant Lornaston was torpedoed and sunk by the U-275, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Helmuth Wehrkamp, northwest of Fécamp, France in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, all 48 survived and were picked up by the frigate HMS Holmes (K 581) and the tug HMS Palencia. The 4,934 ton Lornaston was carrying coal and was heading for Casablanca, Morocco.  
   
  Saturday, March 10, 1945  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Baron Jedburgh was torpedoed and sunk by the U-532, commanded by Fregattenkapitän Ottoheinrich Junker, northeast of Bahia, Brazil in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 58 survivors were picked up by the British merchant Sandown Castle. The 3,656 ton Baron Jedburgh was carrying general cargo, tinplate, and lubricating oil and was heading for Durban, South Africa.  
   
  Wednesday, March 14, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy FS-1756, the Swedish steam merchant Magne was torpedoed and sunk by the U-714, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hans-Joachim Schwebcke, off St. Abbey Head, England in the North Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 10 died and 11 survivors were picked up by the destroyer HMS Wivern (D 66). The 1,226 ton Magne was carrying general cargo and was heading for London, England.  
   
  Friday, March 16, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy RU-156, the British steam merchant Inger Toft was torpedoed and sunk by the U-722, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans Reimers, 3 miles from Neirst Point, Isle of Skye, west cvoast of Scotland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 30 survived and were picked up by the armed trawler HMS Grenadier. The 2,190 ton Inger Toft was carrying herring meal and cod liver oil in drums and was heading for London, England.  
   
  Tuesday, March 20, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy JW-65, the American steam merchant Thomas Donaldson was torpedoed and sunk by the U-968, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Otto Westphalen, in the Arctic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 4 died and 65 survivors were picked up by the corvettes HMS Bamborough Castle (K 412), HMS Oxlip (K 123) and HMS Honeysuckle (K 27). The 7,210 ton Thomas Donaldson was carrying general cargo, including ammunition, foodstuffs, and locomotives and tenders as deck cargo and was heading for Murmansk, Soviet Union.  
   
  Wednesday, March 21, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy TBC-102, the American steam merchant John R. Park was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1195, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Ernst Cordes, about nine miles from Lizard Head, southwest England in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, all 75 survived and were picked up by the steam merchant American Press. The 7,194 ton John R. Park was carrying sand ballast and was heading for the United States.  
   
  Thursday, March 22, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy TBC-103, the British steam merchant Empire Kingsley was torpedoed and sunk by the U-315, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Herbert Zoller, northwest of Lands End, England in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 8 died and 49 survivors were picked up by the armed trawler HMS Fir. The 6,996 ton Empire Kingsley was carrying ballast and was heading for Manchester, England.  
   
  Monday, March 26, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy BTC-108, the Dutch motor merchant Pacific was torpedoed and sunk by the U-399, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Heinz Buhs, in the Bay of Falmouth in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 5 died and 5 survived. The 362 ton Pacific was carrying coal and was heading for Penryn, England.  
   
  Wednesday, March 28, 1945  
  The unescorted American steam tanker Oklahoma was torpedoed and sunk by the U-532, commanded by Fregattenkapitän Ottoheinrich Junker, in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 50 died and 22 survivors were picked up by the American steam tanker Delaware. The 9,298 ton Oklahoma was carrying gasoline and kerosene and was heading for Dakar, French West Africa.  
   
  Axis Merchant Shipping Losses  
  xx.  
   
  Other Battle of the Atlantic Events  
  xx.  
     
   
     
   
 

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