April 1945 events of the Battle of the Atlantic  
  Naval Action in the Atlantic Ocean  
  Monday, April 9, 1945  
  The German pocket battleship SMS Admiral Scheer was struck and capsized during a general RAF bombing raid on the dockyard in Kiel by over 300 aircraft. Most of Scheer's crew were ashore at the time, but 32 men were killed. The wreck of the SMS Admiral Scheer was buried when the inner harbor was filled with debris after the war.  
   
  Monday, April 16, 1945  
  The fleet minesweeper HMCS Esquimalt (J 272) was sunk by the U-190, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Erwin Reith, off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 44 died and 26 survived.  
   
  Monday, April 23, 1945  
  The corvette USS Eagle 56 (PE 56) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-853, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Helmut Frömsdorf, off Portland, Maine. Of the ship’s complement, 49 died and 13 survived.  
   
  Tuesday, April 24, 1945  
  The destroyer escort USS Frederick C. Davis (DE 136) was participating in the operation Teardrop, a hunt for snorkel-equipped U-boats in the western Atlantic when it was torpedoed and sunk by the U-546, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Paul Just, about 570 miles east of Cape Race, Newfoundland. Of the ship’s complement, 126 died and 66 survivors were picked up by other escort destroyers.  
   
  Friday, April 27, 1945  
  The frigate HMS Redmill (K 554) was torpedoed and badly damaged by the U-1105, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Joachim Schwarz, off the west coast of Ireland in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 32 died.  
   
  Sunday, April 29, 1945  
  While escorting Convoy RA-66 the frigate HMS Goodall (K 479) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-286, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Willi Dietrich, in the entrance to the Kola Inlet 7 miles from Murmansk in the far northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 112 died and 44 survived.  
   
  U-Boat Losses  
  xx.  
   
  Attacks on Allied and Neutral Merchant Ships  
  Thursday, April 5, 1945  
  The British steam merchant Gasray was torpedoed and sunk by the U-2321, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Heinrich Barschkis, two miles north of St. Abbs Head, Scotland in the North Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 8 died and 16 survivors were picked up by the British coaster Clova. The 1,406 ton Gasray was carrying ballast and was heading for Blyth, England.  
   
  Friday, April 6, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy VWP-16, the British troop transport Cuba was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1195, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Ernst Cordes, southeast of the Isle of Wight in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 264 survivors were picked up by the frigate HMCS Nene (K 270). The 11,420 ton Cuba was carrying ballast and was heading for Southampton, England.  
   
  Saturday, April 7, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy HX-346, the American steam merchant James W. Nesmith was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1024, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Hans-Joachim Gutteck, off Holyhead, Wales in the Irish Sea. Of the ship’s complement, all 82 survived and were picked up by the corvette HMCS Belleville (K 332). The 7,176 ton ames W. Nesmith was carrying tobacco, fertilizer, lumber, crated aircraft parts, and 8 P-47 aircraft as deck cargo and was heading for Liverpool, England.  
   
  Saturday, April 14, 1945  
  The unescorted Belgian steam merchant Belgian Airman was torpedoed and sunk by the U-857, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Rudolf Premauer, about 70 miles northeast of Cape Hatteras North Carolina. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 46 survivors were picked up by the American Liberty ship Harold A. Jordan. The 6,959 ton Belgian Airman was carrying sorghum and dairy feed and was heading for Antwerp, Belgium.  
   
  Monday, April 16, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy FS-1784, the British motor tanker Athelduke was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1274, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Hermann Fitting, east of Newcastle, England in the North Sea. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 46 survivors were picked up by the British merchant King Neptune. The 8,966 ton Athelduke was carrying molasses and was heading for Salt End, England.  
   
  Wednesday, April 18, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy HX-348, the American steam merchant Cyrus H. McCormick was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1107, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Fritz Parduhn, approximately 70 miles west of Brest, France in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 6 died and 47 survivors were picked up by the British rescue ship Gothland. The 7,181 ton Cyrus H. McCormick was carrying cranes, engineering equipment, locomotives, and trucks and was heading for Antwerp, Belgium.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy HX-348, the British steam tanker Empire Gold was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1107 approximately 70 miles west of Brest. Of the ship’s complement, 43 died and 4 survivors were picked up by the British rescue ship Gothland. The 8,028 ton Empire Gold was motor fuel and was heading for Antwerp, Belgium.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy TAM-142, the British steam merchant Filleigh was torpedoed and sunk by the U-245, commanded by Korvettenkapitän Friedrich Schumann-Hindenberg, about 10 miles east-southeast of North Foreland in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 5 died and 49 survivors were picked up by a British escort vessel. The 4,856 ton Filleigh was carrying military cargo and was heading for Antwerp, Belgium.  
   
  Sailing with Convoy TAM-142, the Norwegian motor merchant Karmt was torpedoed and sunk by the U-245 approximately10 miles east-southeast of North Foreland. Of the ship’s complement, 4 died and 38 survived. The 4,991 ton Karmt was carrying West African produce, including groundnuts and palm oil and was heading for Antwerp, Belgium.  
   
  The unescorted American steam tanker Swiftscout was torpedoed and sunk by the U-857, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Rudolf Premauer, about 145 miles northeast of Cape Henry, Virginia in the western Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 1 died and 46 survivors were picked up by the steam tanker Chancellorsville. The 8,300 ton Swiftscout was carrying salt water ballast and was heading for Puerto La Cruz, Venezuela.  
   
  Friday, April 20, 1945  
  The British steam trawler Ethel Crawford struck a mine laid on April 18, 1945 by the U-218 and sank in the Firth of Clyde. All of the ship’s complement of 10 died.  
   
  Sunday, April 22, 1945  
  Sailing with Convoy PK-9, the Soviet steam merchant Onega was torpedoed and sunk by the U-997, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans Lehmann, in the Arctic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 5 died and 37 survivors were picked up by the Soviet patrol craft BO-220 and BO-228. The 1,603 ton Onega was heading for Murmansk, Soviet Union.  
   
  Tuesday, April 24, 1945  
  The unescorted British steam merchant Monmouth Coast was torpedoed and sunk by the U-1305, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Helmuth Christiansen, about 80 miles from Sligo, Ireland in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 16 died and 1 survivor was picked up by Irish fishermen. The 878 ton Monmouth Coast was carrying sulphate and was heading for Liverpool, England.  
   
  Axis Merchant Shipping Losses  
  xx.  
   
  Other Battle of the Atlantic Events  
  xx.  
     
   
     
   
 

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