Abridged Encyclopedia of World War 2  
  D to Dutch War Scare  
  Daladier, Edouard - (1884-1970) Daladier was a French Radical politician and the Prime Minister of France when the Munich Pact was signed in 1938. In March 1940, Daladier resigned as Prime Minister because of his failure to aid Finland's defense during the Winter War, and he was replaced with Paul Reynaud. Daladier remained in the new government as Minister of Defense. When the Germans invaded France in May 1940 Daladier fled with other members of the government to Morocco. He was later arrested and tried for treason by the Vichy government during the "Riom Trial". He was kept in prison from 1940 to 1943, after which he was handed over to the Germans and deported to Buchenwald concentration camp in November 1942. In 1943, he was transported to the Itter Castle in North Tyrol with other French high personalities, where they remained until the end of the war.  
  Dalton, E. Hugh - (1887-1962) Dalton was a British Labour Party politician. During the World War 2 coalition, Winston Churchill appointed Dalton Minister of Economic Warfare from 1940 where he took charge of the formation and early work of the Special Operations Executive. He was later a member of the executive committee of the Political Warfare Executive. He became President of the Board of Trade in 1942.  
  Daluege, Kurt - (1897-1946) Daluege was a high ranking German Nazi SS officer who tool over the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia as Deputy Protector after Reinhard Heydrich's assassination in 1942. Daluege was hanged in 1946 after having been found guilty by a Czech court of war crimes.  
  Dannecker, Theodor - (1913-1945) Dannecker was an SS Hauptsturmführer (captain) and one of Adolf Eichmann's associates. From September 1940 until July 1942, Dannecker was leader of the Judenreferat at the SD post in Paris where he ordered and oversaw the French Police roundup of more than 13,000 Jews who were deported to Auschwitz where they were murdered. In December 1945, Dannecker was arrested by the U.S. Army, and a few days later he committed suicide.  
  Dansey, Claude E. M. - (1876-1947) Dansey, also known as Colonel Z, Haywood, Uncle Claude, and codenamed Z, was the assistant chief of the Secret Intelligence Service known as MI6, and a member of the London Controlling Section. Dansey was in charge of work in western Europe from 1940 to 1943. Dansey had conflicts with his colleagues and as the Nazi defeat became inevitable, Dansey was assigned to a meaningless post without much to do and pressured to resign.  
  Danzig: The Free City was created on January 10, 1920 in accordance with the terms of Part III, Section XI of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 without a plebiscite. As the League of Nations decreed, the region was to remain separated from the nation of Germany, and from the newly-resurrected nation of Poland. In 1933, the City's government was taken over by the local Nazi Party. Following the German invasion of Poland in 1939 the Free City was abolished and incorporated into the newly-formed Reichsgau of Danzig-West Prussia. The city was captured by the Red Army on March 30, 1945..  
  Darlan, Jean Francois - (1881-1942) Darlan was a French naval officer who rose to the rank of Admiral of the Fleet. Darlan was a major figure of the Vichy France regime during World War 2.  
  de Gaulle, Charles - (1890-1970) de Gaulle was a French general and statesman who led the Free French Forces during World War 2. He later founded the French Fifth Republic in 1958 and served as its first President from 1959 to 1969.  
  de Valera, Eamon - (1882-1975) de Valera was one of the dominant political figures in twentieth century Ireland was head of the Irish government from 1932 to 1948. At the onset of the European war de Valera steered Ireland into a policy of neutrality.  
  DeWitt, John L. - (1880-1962) DeWitt was an U.S. Army Lt. General who was the commander of the Western Defense Command of the United States at the beginning of the Pacific War on December 7, 1941. DeWitt is best known for his vocal support of the internment of Japanese-Americans. At first he opposed wholesale internment recommended to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt the evacuation of all Japanese Americans from the West Coast. Roosevelt agreed and issued Executive Order 9066. DeWitt interpreted the 9066 as interning all people of Japanese ancestry living in America. DeWitt also supervised combat operations in the Aleutian Islands. In March 1943 he became Commandant, Army and Navy Staff College (Washington, D.C.). In 1954 DeWitt became a full General by special act of Congress.  
  Déat, Marcel (1894-1955) Déat founded the collaborationist National Popular Rally during the Vichy regime. After being wounded in an assassination attempt he became a supporter of Pierre Laval, who supported more reactionary policies than Marshal Philippe Pétain. Under the suggestion of the Germans, Marcel Déat became, Minister of Labor and National Solidarity in Laval's cabinet in March 1944. Déat  was condemned in absentia for collaborationism and died while still in hiding in Italy.  
  Denis, Lt. General Henri - (1877-1957) Lt. General Henri Denis was the Belgium Minister of War at the time of the German invasion of that country in 1940.  
  Diaz , Dr. Manuel Azana - (1880-1940) Diaz was a Spanish politician. Díaz was the first Prime Minister of the Second Spanish Republic (1931–1933), and later served again as Prime Minister (1936), and then as the second and last President of the Republic (1936–1939). The Spanish Civil War broke out while he was President. With the defeat of the Republic in 1939, he fled to France, resigned his office, and died in exile.  
  Diebner, Kurt - (1905-1964) Diebner was a German nuclear physicist. During the war he was the administrative director of the German nuclear energy project. He was also director of the Nuclear Research Council and a Reich Planning Officer.  
  Dies Committee - The House Committee on Un-American Activities, commonly known as the Dies Committee was established on May 26, 1938 as a special investigating committee to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having communist or fascist ties. During the war the Committee also put together an argument for wartime internment of Japanese Americans, known as the "Yellow Report." The Committee was chaired by Martin Dies Jr. (D-TX).  
  Dietl, Eduard - (1890-1944) Dietl was a German general who commanded the German 3rd Mountain Division that participated in the German invasion of Norway in April, 1940 and was involved in the battle for Narvik. Dietl subsequently commanded German forces in Norway and northern Finland and in Eastern Europe and rose to the rank of Colonel General (equivalent to a U.S. four-star general), commanding the 20th Mountain Army on the northern Eastern Front. In June  of 1944 a Ju 52 aircraft carrying Dietl and three other generals crashed in Austria killing all aboard.  
  Dietrich, Josef - (1892-1966) Josef "Sepp" Dietrich was a German SS General. He was one of Nazi Germany's most decorated soldiers and commanded formations up to Army level during World War 2. Prior to 1929 he was Adolf Hitler's chauffeur and bodyguard but received rapid promotion after his participation in the murder of Hitler's political opponents during the Night of the Long Knives. After the war, he was imprisoned by the United States for war crimes and later by Germany for murder.  
  Dill, John G. - (1881-1944) Dill was a British military officer who rose to the rank of Field Marshal. From May 1940 to December 1941 he was the Chief of the Imperial General Staff, the professional head of the British Army, and subsequently in Washington, as Chief of the British Joint Staff Mission and then Senior British Representative on the Combined Chiefs of Staff, played a significant role during World War 2 in the formation of the "special relationship" between Great Britain and the United States.  
  Dobbie, William G. S. - (1879-1964) Dobbie was a Major General in the British Army. From 1935 to 1939 he was General Officer Commanding Malaya Command and his analysis that the Malaysian jungle was not impassable was ignored leading to the capture of Singapore by the Japanese in 1942. Dobbie returned to duty from retirement as Governor-General and Commander-in-chief of Malta from April 1940 to May 1942.  
  Domei News Agency - The Domei News Agency was the official news agency of the Empire of Japan. The Domei News Agency began as an effort by Japanese journalists and business leaders to create a national news agency in Japan that could compete with Reuters and other internationally-recognized news agencies on a global basis. During World War 2, the Domei News Agency came under the control of the Ministry of Communications. The Domei News Agency maintained a network of offices outside Japan, dispatching reporters to all Allied and neutral countries. It was also involved in film and radio work and collected news and information from various sources to pass on to the government and military. The Domei News Agency produced various works of propaganda aimed at foreign countries. The Domei News Agency issued news to the public that was censored along government-approved lines, and broadcast news in Japanese and in major European languages through an extensive network of radio stations in East Asia, Manchukuo, and in Japanese-occupied China. Under the Allied occupation of Japan the Domei News Agency was disbanded.  
  Donitz, Karl - (1891-1980) Donitz was a German naval commander during World War 2. At the start of the war he was the senior submarine officer in the Kriegsmarine (German Navy.) In January 1943, Donitz achieved the rank of Grand Admiral and replaced Erich Raeder as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine. On April 30, 1945, after the death of Adolf Hitler and in accordance with Hitler's last will and testament, Donitz was named Hitler's successor as President and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. He was the last President of the Third Reich. On May 7, 1945, he ordered Alfred Jodl to sign the instruments of unconditional surrender in Rheims, France.  
  Donovan, William J. - (1883-1959) Donovan was a United States soldier, lawyer and intelligence officer, best remembered as the wartime head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS).  
  Doolittle, James H. "Jimmy" - (1896-1993) Doolittle was an American military officer who rose to the rank of Lt. General during the war. Shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and America's entry into World War II, Doolittle was recalled to active duty after America's entry into World War 2 and led the attack of 16 B-25 medium bombers from the aircraft carrier USS Hornet that targeted Tokyo, Kobe, Yokohama, Osaka, and Nagoya on the Japanese homeland. After the raid Doolittle was assigned command of the Fifteenth Air Force in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations and the Eighth Air Force in England.  
  Doolittle Raid - Doolittle Air Raid (officially the Halsey- Doolittle Air Raid) occurred on April 18, 1942 and was the first air raid by the U.S. to strike the Japanese Home Islands. The attack was carried out by sixteen U.S. Army Air Forces B-25B Mitchell medium bombers launched from the aircraft carrier USS Hornet. All of the aircraft involved in the bombing were lost and 11 crewmen were either killed or captured. The raid caused negligible material damage to Japan, but it succeeded in its goal of helping American morale. It also caused Japanese military leaders to accept Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku's plan to attack Midway Island which led to the major defeat of the Imperial Japanese Navy by the U.S. Navy which is considered the turning point in the Pacific War near Midway Island in the Central Pacific between June 4 and June 7.  
  Doorman, Karel W. F. M. - (1889-1942) Doorman was a Dutch Rear Admiral who commanded the ABDACOM (American British Dutch Australian) Naval forces that were hastily organized to defend the East Indies against an overwhelming Imperial Japanese attack in early 1942. Doorman was killed and the main body of ABDACOM Naval forces destroyed during the Battle of the Java Sea at the end of February 1942.  
  Dowding, Hugh - (1882-1970) Dowding was a British officer in the Royal Air Force. He held the rank of Air Chief Marshal and was the commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain.  
  Dunning, John R. - (1907-1975) Dunning was an American physicist who played key roles in the development of the atomic bomb. He specialized in neutron physics and did pioneering work in gaseous diffusion for isotope separation.  
  Dutch War Scare: On January 23, 1939 Admiral Wilhelm Canaris of the Abwehr leaked misinformation to the effect that Germany planned to invade the Netherlands in February, with the aim of using Dutch air-fields to launch a strategic bombing offensive against Great Britain. The "Dutch War Scare" led to a major change in British policies towards Europe.  

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