Abridged Encyclopedia of World War 2  
  F to Frisch  
  von Falkenhorst, Nikolaus - (1885-1968) von Falkenhorst was a was an German military officer who rose to the rank of Colonel General. on Falkenhorst planned Operation Weserübung, the invasion of Denmark and Norway in 1940. After the invasion he became Commander of the German troops in Norway between 1940 and 1944.  
  Fall Blau - Fall Blau or "Case Blue", later renamed Operation Braunschweig, was the German 1942 strategic summer offensive in southern Russia between June 28 and November 24, 1942. Fall Blau was a continuation of the previous year's Operation Barbarossa and was intended to knock the Soviet Union out of the war. The operation involved a two-pronged attack against the rich oilfields of Baku as well as an advance in the direction of Stalingrad along the Volga River.  
  Fall Weiss - Fall Weiss or "Case White" was the Nazi strategic plan for the invasion of Poland. The German military High Command finalized its operational orders on June 15, 1939 and the invasion commenced on September 1. The German invasion of Poland is considered the beginning of World War 2.  
  Fall Gelb - Fall Gelb or "Case Yellow" was the German strategic plan for the invasion of Western Europe. The German military High Command was given its objectives in Fuhrer Directive No. 6 on October 9, 1939 but operations would not commence until May 10, 1940. Fall Gelb resulted in the defeat and capture of France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.  
  Fall Schwarz - Fall Schwarz (Case Black), also known as the Fifth Enemy Offensive, was a joint attack by Axis forces that took place from May 15 to June 16, 1943. The operations objective was to destroy the main Yugoslav Partisan force, near the Sutjeska River in south-eastern Bosnia. The failure of the offensive marked a turning point for Yugoslavia during the war.  
  The Family Hostage Law -  The Family Hostage Law was a German decree in Occupied France that went into effect in July 1942. Under its provisions, any French "terrorist' identified by the German occupation forces needed to surrender within 10 days of their "crime." If they didn’t all adult male relatives would be executed, adult females would be sent to concentration camps, and children would become charges of the Germans state.  
  Fermi, Enrico - (1901-1954) Fermi was an Italian-American physicist particularly known for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor, Chicago Pile-1. Fermi was also instrumental in the development of the Manhattan Project.  
  February 1941, The Strike of - The Strike of February 1941 was a general strike organized during World War 2 in the Netherlands against the anti-Jewish measures and activities of the Nazis. Its direct causes were the pogroms held by the Germans in the Jewish neighborhood of Amsterdam. The strike started on February 25 after an incident occurred at the Koco ice cream parlor on February 22 and was largely struck down the next day. It was the first direct action undertaken against the anti-Jewish measures of the Nazis in occupied Europe, and it was carried out by non-Jews.  
  Fitch, Aubrey W. - (1883-1978) Fitch was an American naval officer who rose to the rank of Vice Admiral during the war. Fitch was in command of Carrier Division 1 at the onset of the Pacific War. Fitch was in command of the abortive attempt to relieve Wake Island. During the Battle of the Coral Sea, Fitch served as Commander Task Group 17.5, consisting of the aircraft carriers USS Lexington and USS Yorktown, and was named Officer in Tactical Command by Task Force commander Admiral Frank J. Fletcher. In September 1942, Fitch assumed command of Aircraft, South Pacific Force. This force protected Allied shipping and performed essential reconnaissance missions. In 1944 he became Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air).  
  Fletcher, Frank J. - (1885-1973) Fletcher was a Vice Admiral in the U.S. Navy during the war. Fletcher was the operational commander at the pivotal Battles of Coral Sea, Midway, and the Guadalcanal Campaign.  
  Foo Ping-sheung - (1895-1965) Foo Ping-sheung was Ambassador to the Soviet Union from the Republic of China from 1943 to 1949.  
  Forrestal, James V. - (1892-1949) Forrestal became the first Undersecretary of the U.S. Navy and in this capacity proved highly effective at mobilizing domestic industrial production for the war effort. He became U.S. Secretary of the Navy on May 19, 1944, after his immediate superior Frank Knox died from a heart attack. Forrestal led the Navy through the closing year of the war and the early years of demobilization that followed. As U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Forrestal introduced a policy of racial integration in the Navy. Forrestal was the last Cabinet-level United States Secretary of the Navy and the first United States Secretary of Defense.  
  Forster, Albert M. - (1902-1952) Forster was a Nazi German politician. Under his administration as the Gauleiter of Danzig-West Prussia during the war, ethnic cleansing, mass murder and forceful Germanization was inflicted on local non-German population. He was sentenced to death for his crimes after Nazi Germany was defeated.  
  Fort Eben-Emael - Fort Eben-Emael was an inactive Belgian fortress located between Liege and Maastricht, on the Belgian-Dutch border, near the Albert Canal, The fort was designed to defend Belgium from a German attack across the narrow belt of Dutch territory in the region. Constructed between 1931 and 1935, it was reputed to be impregnable and at the time, the largest in the world. The fort was successfully neutralized by glider-borne German troops on May 10, 1940. The action cleared the way for German ground forces to enter Belgium, unhindered by fire from Eben-Emael.  
  Franco, Francisco - (1892-1975) Franco was a Spanish military general who successfully led the Nationalist faction to victory in the Spanish Civil War that ended in 1939. Thereafter he was head of state of Spain and de facto regent of the nominally restored Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in November 1975.  
  Frank, Hans M. - (1900-1946) Frank was a German lawyer who worked for the Nazi party during the 1920s and 1930s and later became a high-ranking official in Nazi Germany. He was prosecuted during the Nuremberg trials for his role in perpetrating the Holocaust during his tenure as the Governor-General of that portion of occupied Poland that was not directly incorporated into the German Reich known as the General Government. He was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity and in 1946.  
  Freisler, Roland - (1893-1945) Freisler was a prominent and notorious Nazi lawyer and judge. He was State Secretary of the Reich Ministry of Justice and President of the People's Court, which was set up outside constitutional authority. This court handled anti-Nazi political actions by conducting a series of show trials. On February 3, 1945, Freisler was conducting a Saturday session of the People's Court, when American bombers attacked Berlin and hit many government and Nazi Party including the People's Court.  
  Freyberg, Bernard C. - (1889-1963) Freyberg was a British-born New Zealander who rose to the rank of Lt. General. Freyberg commanded the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the Battle of Crete, and was in command positions in the North African Campaign and the Italian Campaign.  
  Frick, Wilhelm - (1877-1946) Frick was a prominent German Nazi who served as Reich Minister of the Interior from 1933 to 1943. Frick was instrumental in the racial policy of Nazi Germany drafting laws against Jewish citizens. In 1943 Frick lost a power struggle to Heinrich Himmler who replaced him as Minister of the Interior. Frick was then appointed to the ceremonial post of Protector of Bohemia and Moravia. After the end of the war he was tried for war crimes at the Nuremberg Trials and executed.  
  Frisch, Otto Robert - (1904-1979) Austrian-British physicist. Frisch is most noted for the design of the first theoretical mechanism for the detonation of an atomic bomb with Rudolf Peierls in 1940.  

The objective of WW2Timelines.com is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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