Abridged Encyclopedia of World War 2  
  I to Italian Social Republic  
   
  Ickes, Harold L. - (1874-1952) Ickes was a U.S. administrator and politician. He served as U.S. Secretary of the Interior from 1933 to 1946.  
   
  Ilah, Abdul - (1913-1958), Crown Prince Abdul Ilah served as Regent for King Faisal II from 1939 to 1953 when Faisal came of age. He also held the title of Crown Prince of Iraq from 1943. Abdul Ilah was deposed briefly by former Prime Minister Rashid Ali al-Gaylani in March of 1941. Rashid Ali led a pro-German coup d'état during World War II against Abdul Ilah's pro-British government. Abdul Ilah was returned to power in June after the British completed offensive actions against the Iraqi rebels.  
   
  Imperial General Headquarters (IGHQ) - The IGHQ was part of the Supreme War Council and was established in 1893 to coordinate efforts between the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during wartime. In terms of function, it was approximately equivalent to the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Emperor of Japan was the head of the Imperial General Headquarters, and was assisted by staff appointed from the Army and the Navy. The Imperial General Staff Headquarters was completely independent of the civilian government. In November 1937, to bring the chiefs of Army and Navy General Staff into closer consultation with his government, Emperor Hirohito established a body known as the Imperial General Headquarters-Government Liaison Conference within the IGHQ. The Liaison Conferences were intended to assist in integrating the decisions and needs of the two military sections with the resources and policies of the rest of the government. Reaching an agreement between the Army and Navy on strategic planning often proved difficult. When an agreement was finally reached on an important strategic issue, the agreement was reduced to writing in a document called a Central Agreement and signed by both Chiefs of the Army and Navy General Staffs. The final decisions of Liaison Conferences were formally disclosed and approved at Imperial Conferences over which Emperor Hirohito presided in person at the Tokyo Imperial Palace. With the surrender of Japan, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers ordered the Imperial General Headquarters abolished in September 1945.  
   
  Inonu, Ismet - (1884-1973) Inonu served as Premier of Turkey under Kemal Ataturk from 1923 to 1937. In 1938 he succeeded Ataturk as president. During World War 2 Inonu kept Turkey neutral until January 1945, when it joined the Allied powers.  
   
  Inoue, Shigeyoshi - (1889-1975) Inoue was a Japanese naval officer who rose to the rank of Admiral and also served Vice Minister of the Navy of the Imperial Japanese Navy. In 1941 Inoue was given command of the IJN Fourth Fleet, based out of Truk. He was in command of Japanese naval forces during the Battle of Guam and Battle of Wake Island. He subsequently relocated his headquarters to Rabaul for Operation Mo, intending to occupy Port Moresby, New Guinea and was in overall command of Japanese forces during the Battle of the Coral Sea. In October 1942 Inoue returned to Japan to become commander of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy. He became Vice Minister of the Navy in the closing stages of World War II and was promoted to full admiral in May 1945.  
   
  Ironside, Field Marshal W. Edmund - (1880-1959) Ironside was a British Army officer who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff beginning September 3, 1030. He was reappointed as Commander-in-Chief Home Forces in May of 1940 during the Battle of France He was replaced in June after which he resigned and retired to the country with his family.  
   
  Ishiwara, Kanji - (1889-1949) Ishiwara was a Japanese military officer who rose to the rank of Lieutenant General, was noted Pan-Asian propagandist and archrival of general Tojo Hideki. Ishiwara planned the Japanese seizure of Manchuria in September 1931. He founded the East Asian League in 1933 to unite the Asian states so that they could throw off Western imperialism. His plans for domestic unification provoked great hostility from various political factions in Tokyo, and Tojo finally suppressed the East Asian League in 1941, ending Ishiwara’s military career on the eve of Pearl Harbor. After Tojo cashiered him in 1941, Ishiwara called for the former's arrest and execution. He managed to escape imprisonment for his outspokenness by going into retirement to promote patriotic societies.  
   
  Ismay, Hastings L. "Pug" - (1887-1965) Ismay was a British Indian Army officer and diplomat who rose to the rank of General and is known primarily for his role as Winston Churchill's chief military assistant during World War 2. He was the principal intermediary between Churchill and the British chiefs of staff.  
   
Italian Grand Council of Fascism - The Italian Grand Council of Fascism was the main body of Prime Minister Benito Mussolini's Fascist government in Italy. The institution, which held and applied great power to control the institutions of government, was created in 1923 and became a state institution in 1928. The Grand Council meetings were convened by the Prime Minister himself and all decree and laws could only be legalized by the approval of the Prime Minister himself. The majority of the Grand Council ultimately deposed Mussolini on July 25, 1943 following the Allied invasion of Sicily.
   
  Italian Social Republic - The Italian Social Republic was the second and last incarnation of a Fascist Italian state. It was formed by deposed Italian dictator Benito Mussolini in 1943 and lasted until 1945 The Italian Social Republic exercised nominal sovereignty in northern Italy, but was largely a puppet state of Nazi Germany and dependent on the German Army to maintain control.  
     
   
     
   
 

The objective of WW2Timelines.com is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

 
   
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