Abridged Encyclopedia of World War 2  
  J to Juin  
  Jacob, Sir Edward Ian Claud - (1899-1993) Jacob, known as Ian Jacob Jacob was on the staff of the British Committee of Imperial Defense from 1938 to 1946. Jacob served as the Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet for the duration of the war. He asked to be returned to his regiment in 1940, but was refused. He worked closely with Winston Churchill and implemented Churchill's communications during thirteen wartime journeys outside the United Kingdom and became known as the personification of tact. Churchill valued Jacob's efforts enough to endorse his promotion from the rank of Colonel to Lieutenant-General over the course of the war.  
  Jebb, Sir Gladwyyn - (1900-1996) Jebb was a British diplomat who served as private secretary to Anthony Eden and Edward Halifax from 1937-40. He became the first political director of the Special Operations Executive in 1940 and continued in that capacity until 1942. In August 1940, Jebb was appointed to the Ministry of Economic Warfare with temporary rank of Assistant Under-Secretary. In 1942 he was appointed Head of the Reconstruction Department and in 1943 was made a Counsellor within the Foreign Office. In this capacity he attended numerous international conferences, including those at Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam.  
  Jedburgh - Operation Jedburg was a clandestine operation of intelligence gathering teams parachuted into Nazi-occupied France, Holland and Belgium under the authority of the British Special Operations Executive, the U.S. Office of Strategic Services, the Free French Bureau Central de Renseignements et d'Action and the Dutch and Belgian Armies. A typical team was composed of one British, one French, and one American soldier. Of these three, two were officers and one a radio operator. Their mission was to furnish a headquarters for local Resistance groups, and coordinate individual efforts, to supply war materiel, and to arrange for supplemental supplies via radio. Just before June 6, 1944, 93 Jedburgh crews in uniform parachuted to the French interior. Once their particular tasks were completed, the groups were required to join the nearest branch of the Forces francaises de l’interieur and fight with them.  
  Jeep - originally the Bantam Reconnaissance Car, the Ford Pygmy and Willys MB Jeeps became the primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the United States Army and Allies during World War 2.  
  Jeschonnek, Hans - (1899-1943) Jeschonnek was a German military officer who rose to the rank of Colonel General.  Jeschonnek became Chief of the General Staff of the Luftwaffe. During Operation Crossbow when Allied bombing raids struck Peenemünde on the night of August 17-18, 1943, Jeschonnek erroneously ordered Berlin's air defenses to fire upon 200 German fighters who had mistakenly gathered near the Reich's capital. Jeschonnek committed suicide on August 18.  
  Jodl , Alfred - (1890-1946) Jodl was a German military commander, rising to the rank of Colonel General and attaining the position of Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command, and acted as deputy to Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel. He signed the surrender at Reims on May 7, 1945, as heads of the chiefs of staff in Karl Doenitz’s government. At Nuremberg he was tried, sentenced to death, and hanged as a war criminal.  
  Jojima, Takatsugu - (1890-1967) Jojima was a Japanese naval officer who rose to the rank of Rear Admiral. In April 1941, he became captain of the aircraft carrier IJN Shokaku and participated in the the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Battle of Rabaul, the Indian Ocean Raid, Operation Mo, the Battle of the Coral Sea. Jojima was promoted to Rear Admiral in May 1942. As commander of naval aviation units throughout the war, he also led the seaplane tenders that participated in the defense of Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal campaign including the Battle of Cape Esperance and Japanese efforts to recapture Henderson Field in 1942.  
  Joubert de la Ferte, Sir Philip Bennett - (1887-1965) Joubert de la Ferte was a British military officer who rose to the rank of British air chief marshal. At the start of the World War 2, he was Air Officer Commanding Air Forces in India.[On his return to Great Britain he occupied a number of senior staff appointments and returned to his former post as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Coastal Command. It was there that he pioneered several innovations including Planned Flying and Maintenance and the introduction of a torpedo version of the Beaufighter. In February 1943 he became an Inspector-General of the RAF.  
  Joyce, William - (1906-1946) Joyce, nicknamed Lord Haw-Haw, was an American-born fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster to the United Kingdom during World War 2. He was hanged for treason by the British as a result of his wartime activities, even though he had renounced his British nationality and become a naturalized German.  
  Juin, Alphonse - (1888-1967) Juin was a French military officer who at the onset of the war was commander of the 15th Motorized Brigade. He was taken prisoner by the Germans in May 1940 and freed in June 1941. Juin succeeded General Maxime Weygand as commander in chief of the forces of North Africa in November 1941. After the invasion of Algeria and Morocco by British and American forces in November 1942, Juin changed sides and ordered General Barré's forces in Tunisia to resist against the Germans and the Italians. He became resident general in Tunisia in 1943, then obtained command of the French Expeditionary Corps in Italy in November 1943. In May 1944 he won the battle of Garigliano. Following this assignment he was Chief of Staff of French forces and represented France at the San Francisco Conference.  

The objective of WW2Timelines.com is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

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