Abridged Encyclopedia of World War 2  
  V to Vlasov  
  Vandegrift, Alexander A. - (1887 - 1973) Vandegrift was an American Marine Corps officer who rose to the rank of General during the war. He commanded the 1st Marine Division to victory in the Battle of Guadalcanal, The U.S. Marines Corps first ground offensive of the war. In July 1943, he assumed command of the 1st Marine Amphibious Corps and commanded this organization in the landing at Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville, Northern Solomon Islands. In November 1943 he relinquished command and returned to Washington, D.C. as Commandant-designate of the USMC. In January 1944 he was sworn in as the 18th Commandant of the Marine Corps. In April 1945, he was promoted to the rank of general, the first Marine officer on active duty to attain four-star rank.  
  Victor Emmanuel III - (1869 - 1947) Victor Emmanuel III was a member of the House of Savoy and King of Italy. In addition, he claimed the crowns of Ethiopia and Albania and claimed the titles Emperor of Ethiopia (1936-41) and King of Albania (1939-43), which were unrecognized by the most other nations. During his 46 year reign the Kingdom of Italy became involved in two World Wars. His reign also encompassed the birth, rise, and fall of Italian Fascism..  
  von Vietinghoff, Heinrich - (1887 - 1952) von Vietinghoff was a German military officer who rose to the rank of Colonel-General. von Vietinghoff took part in the invasion of Polan and the invasion of Yugoslavia. During Operation Barbarossa his Corps was part of Army Group Centre. From December 1941 to August 1943 he was Commander-in-Chief of the German Fifteenth Army in France. From August 1932 on von Vietinghoff served in Italy and was appointed supreme German commander in Italy in March 1945. One month late von Vietinghoff surrendered German forces in Italy to the Allies.  
  Vinson-Walsh Act - The Vinson-Walsh Act (the Two-Ocean Navy Act) was approved by the U.S. Congress in July of 1940. This act increased the authorized strength of the Navy by approximately 70 percent in the combatant categories authorized the building of 100,000 tons of auxiliary vessels, and the expenditure of $50,000,000 to construct patrol, escort, and miscellaneous craft. It also authorized an expenditure of $150,000,000 for essential equipment and facilities at either private or naval establishments, for building or equipping naval vessels; $65,000,000 for the manufacture of ordnance material or munitions at either private or naval establishments; and $35,000,000 for the expansion of facilities; for the production of armament at either private or naval establishments.  
  Vlasov, Andrey A. - (1900 - 1946) Vlasov was a Soviet Red Army officer who rose to the rank of Lt. General and later collaborated with Nazi Germany. At the beginning of the war Vlasov played an important role in the defense of Moscow and was placed in command of the 2nd Shock Army with orders to relieve the siege of Leningrad. After the 2nd Shock Army was surrounded and destroyed in June 1942 Vlasov refused an offer to escape by airplane and after ten days of hiding was captured by the Germans. As a German captive, Vlasov founded the Russian Liberation Committee in hopes of creating a Russian Liberation Army. At the end of the was Vlasov was taken into American captivity and Vlasov requested asylum. Before a decision was reached by American officials a car that Vlasov was is was surrounded by Soviet troops and he was arrested and repatriated to the Soviet Union. After a summary trial in 1946, Vlasov and eleven other senior officers from his army were found guilty of treason and executed.  

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