Events Relating to the Rise of the Third Reich in 1921  
  Monday, July 11, 1921  
  Adolf Hitler resigns from the Nazi Party. Hitler had traveled to Berlin in the summer to visit nationalist groups. During his absence the party’s executive committee led by Anton Drexler, who now considered Hitler to be overbearing, formed an alliance with a group of socialists from Augsburg. Hitler rushed back to Munich and countered them by announcing he would return only on the condition that he was made chairman and given dictatorial powers.  
   
  Friday, July 29, 1921  
  At a Nazi Party gathering Adolf Hitler was introduced as "Der Fuehrer" of the Nazi Party. The executive committee of the Nazi Party eventually backed down and Hitler's demands of July 11. After a party vote Hitler was made the unquestioned leader of the party on a vote of 543 to 1. This occasion was the first that the term "Der Fuehrer" was used in connection with Hitler.  
   
  Wednesday, September 14, 1921  
  Hitler, a substantial number of members of the Turn-und Sportabteilung, the paramilitary arm of the Nazi Party, and other Nazi party adherents disrupted a meeting in Munich at the Lowenbraukeller of the Bavarian League. One Nazi, Hermann Esser, climbed upon a chair and shouted that the Jews were to blame for the misfortunes of Bavaria, and the Nazis shouted demands that Otto Ballerstedt yield the floor to Hitler. The Nazis proceeded to beat up Ballerstedt and shoved him off the stage into the audience. Afterwards both Hitler and Esser were arrested, and Hitler commented notoriously to the police commissioner, "It's all right. We got what we wanted. Ballerstedt did not speak." The Bavarian League was federalist organization that objected to the centralism of the Weimar Constitution, but accepted its social program. Ballerstedt, an engineer whom Hitler regarded as "my most dangerous opponent" was its leader.  
   
  Friday, November 4, 1921  
  The Nazi Party held a large public meeting in the Munich Hofbräuhaus. After Hitler had spoken for some time, the meeting erupted into a melee in which fewer than fifty of the Turn-und Sportabteilung defeated more than 400 demonstrators against Hitler and the Nazi Party. Following this event the Turn-und Sportabteilung became known as Sturmabteilung (Stormtroopers) abbreviated to SA.  
   
  Wednesday, November 9, 1921  
  Adolf Hitler addressed a gathering of SA men telling them “For us there are only two possibilities: either we remain German or we come under the thumb of the Jews. This latter must not occur; even if we are small, we are a force. A well-organized group can conquer a strong enemy. If you stick close together and keep bringing in new people, we will be victorious over the Jews.”  
     
   
     
   
 

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