Events Relating to the Rise of the Third Reich in 1932  
  Tuesday, April 5, 1932  
  Representatives of several of the states, led by Prussia and Bavaria, the two largest, met with Wilhelm Groener , Minister of the Interior and the Defense, and demanded that the central government suppress the Sturmabteilung (SA), the first Nazi paramilitary group, or else they would do it themselves in their respective territories. Groener promised action as soon as Chancellor Heinrich Bruening returned from campaigning, which was on April 10.  
   
  Sunday, April 10, 1932  
  The second round runoff election for the office of Reich President was held. The incumbent President, Paul von Hindenburg, first elected in 1925, was re-elected to a second seven-year term of office. Hindenburg, running as an independent polled 53% of the vote. His major challengers were Adolf Hitler of the Nazi Party with 36.8% and Ernst Thälmann of the Communist Party with 10.2%.  
   
  The cabinet of Chancellor Heinrich Bruening met and decided to immediately suppress the SA by Presidential decree. There would be some difficulty in getting Reich President Paul von Hindenburg to sign the decree, but von Hindenburg finally did so on April 13 and it was promulgated on April 14.  
   
  Wednesday, April 13, 1932  
  The Presidential decree suppressing the SA was signed by Reich President Paul von Hindenburg.  
   
  Thursday, April 14, 1932  
  The Presidential decree suppressing the SA was promulgated.  
   
  Tuesday, June 28, 1932  
  The government of German Chancellor Franz von Papen lifted a ban that had been placed on the SA and Schutzstaffel (SS) in April. This action rekindled political street fighting, which had reached a peak in April and von Papen would use the renewed violence as the pretext for deposing the Prussian government on July 20, 1932.  
   
  Sunday, July 17, 1932  
  A bloody confrontation (known as Altona Bloody Sunday) among the Sturmabteilung (SA) and Schutzstaffel (SS), the police, and armed Communist Party supporters in Altona, Hamburg. 18 men were killed. Many other political street fights would follow. German Chancellor Franz von Papen would use this incident to depose the Prussian government on July 20, 1932.  
   
  Wednesday, July 20, 1932  
  German Chancellor Franz von Papen deposed the chief of the Police, the Minister of Interior of Prussia, and the whole Social-democratic government and administration. He assumed control himself as Reich Commissioner for Prussia (the act is known as “Preussenschlag”). This action was taken in response to the renewed street violence, in particular Altona Bloody Sunday on July 17, between the Nazis and left-wing supporters.  
   
  Sunday, July 31, 1932  
  Federal elections were held in Germany. The Nazi Party led all other parties with 37% of the vote, followed by the Social Democratic Party of Germany  with 22%, the Communist Party with 14%, and the Centre Party with 12%. The Nazi Party, which for the first time became the largest party in parliament, saw the greatest gains with their number of seats in the Reichstag rising from 107 to 230 seats. As the combined seats of both anti-republican parties - the Nazis and Communists - equaled more than 50% of the Reichstag and neither had any intention of cooperating in creating a coalition government, new elections had to be scheduled for November.  
   
  Saturday, August 13, 1932  
  Reich President Paul von Hindenburg rejected Adolf Hitler’s demand to be made Chancellor. Hitler had refused to take any other post in the cabinet of Franz von Papen. As there was no majority in the Reichstag for any government the Reichstag would be dissolved and new elections held.  
   
  Friday, November 4, 1932  
  Reich Chancellor Franz von Papen addressed an open letter to Nazi leader Adolf Hitler: "It is the exclusiveness of your Movement, your demand for everything or nothing, which the Reich President could not recognize and which led to his decision of 13 August. What is at stake today is this: The question is not whether this or that party leader occupies the Chancellor's chair, whether his name is Brüning, Hitler, or Von Papen, but rather that we meet on common ground so that the vital interests of the German people can be assured." Hitler had been refusing to attempt to form a government on President Paul von Hindenburg’s terms. The President had refused to grant presidential powers to a party leader.  
   
  Sunday, November 6, 1932  
  Federal elections were held in Germany. They results saw a significant drop for the Nazi Party and increases for the Communists and the national conservative German National People's Party. The results were a great disappointment for the Nazis, who once more emerged as the largest party with 33% of the vote but not enough to form a government coalition in the Reichstag parliament.  
   
  Thursday, November 17, 1932  
  Reich German Chancellor Franz von Papen resigned submitted his resignation to Reich President Paul von Hindenburg. The resignation was accepted pending the appointment of a successor. von Papen had been trying to form a coalition government with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party but deemed Hitler's demands unacceptable.  
   
  Wednesday, November 23, 1932  
  Reich President Paul von Hindenburg again rejected Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's demand for the German Chancellorship. Hindenburg reasoned that the powers Hitler insisted on would transform the Chancellorship into a dictatorship.  
   
  Saturday, December 3, 1932  
  Kurt von Schleicher was appointed Reich Chancellor by Reich President Paul von Hindenburg and formed a cabinet. von Schleicher’s administration was the last before the Nazi dictatorship.  
     
   
     
   
 

The objective of WW2Timelines.com is to provide a day by day account of the events that lead up to and were part of the greatest conflict known to mankind. There are accounts for the activities of each particular day and timelines for subjects and personalities. It is the of this website intent to provide an unbiased account of the war. Analysis, effects caused by an event, or prior or subsequent pertinent events are presented separately and indicated as text that is italicized.

 
   
  Copyright 2011
WW2timelines.com
Contact us using our email page