The 1943-44 Tule Lake War Relocation Center Protests Timeline  
   
  Wednesday, February 3, 1943  
  The War Relocation Authority begins administering a loyalty questionnaire all people of Japanese ancestry who were incarcerated in the WRA camps. They required all those 17 years of age and older to answer a questionnaire that became known as the "loyalty questionnaire." The answers would be used to decide who was loyal or disloyal to the United States.  
   
  Thursday, July 15, 1943  
  The War Relocation Authority announced segregation of certain Japanese-Americans. Any person who had “indicated that their loyalties lie with Japan during the present hostilities or that their loyalties do not lie with the United States” would be segregated. This included anyone who refused to answer or answered no on the loyalty questionnaire. The segregation effort was in response to a U.S. Senate resolution passed earlier in the month requesting that the WRA segregate “persons of Japanese ancestry in relocations centers whose loyalty to the United States is questionable or who are known to be disloyal.”  
   
  Saturday, July 31, 1943  
  Tule Lake War Relocation Center in California was designated a segregation center for “disloyal” internees. Over 12,000 Japanese Americans would be forcibly removed from other camps and sent to Tule Lake because they were declared disloyal. They were deemed so-called disloyal because they were unwilling to swear to the Loyalty Oath, which required them to be willing to serve in the US military, give unqualified allegiance to the United States, and forswear any allegiance to the Japanese Emperor.  
   
  Friday, October 15, 1943  
  A truck transporting internees from agricultural fields at Tule Lake Segregation Center overturned, killing one internee. The Tule Lake center administration was blamed for the accident since the driver was underage. A massive public funeral was conducted without administration approval. The internees at Tule Lake would become outraged when the widow's benefits amounted to only two-thirds of $16, the deceased's monthly wage and go on strike on October 25.  
   
  Monday, October 25, 1943  
  Agricultural workers at Tule Lake Segregation Center decided to go on strike. The strikers did not want to harvest food destined for other centers. They saw themselves as the "loyals" and the pro-U.S. Japanese Americans at the other centers as traitors to Japan. The Tule Lake center administration would bring in 234 Japanese Americans from other relocation centers to harvest the crops. For their protection, the "loyals" were housed outside the center at a nearby former CCC camp. Further inciting the strikers, the strike breakers were paid $1 per hour rather than the standard WRA wages of $16 per month.  
   
  Monday, November 1, 1943  
  War Relocation Authority Director Dillon Myer made a routine visit to Tule Lake War Relocation Center in California. A crowd of internees assembled in the administration area. During the assembly a doctor was beaten and some cars were vandalized. A group-appointed "Committee of 17" met with Myer, but all of their demands including removal of center director Ray Best were rejected. Future evacuee meetings in the administration area were also forbidden.  
   
  Thursday, November 4, 1943  
  The administration began work on a fence between the administration and internee areas. That evening a crowd of approximately 400 tried to prevent trucks from being used to take food to the strike breakers and later the mob headed towards director Ray Best's residence. The Army arrived with tanks and jeeps mounted with machine guns and used tear gas to disperse crowds throughout the center. Many evacuees were arrested and a curfew was established. The next day schools were closed and most work was stopped.  
   
  Sunday, November 14, 1943  
  The assembly called by the Army was boycotted and more evacuees were arrested and martial law was declared.  
   
  Friday, November 26, 1943  
  A center-wide dragnet was conducted to find the leaders not yet arrested of the protests at the camp who had been hidden by sympathetic evacuees.  
   
  Wednesday, December 1, 1943  
  The last of the leaders of the strike turned themselves in to authorities in a show of solidarity with those already arrested.  
   
  Saturday, January 1, 1944  
  The incarcerated leaders of the strike initiated the first of three hunger strikes.  
   
  Tuesday, January 11, 1944  
  The protests at the Tule Lake began to wane. A vote to end the strike was held with those approving carrying the day by a small margin.  
   
  Saturday, January 15, 1944  
  The administration at Tule Lake, except for the stockade, was returned to the War Relocation Authority.  
   
  Tuesday, April 18, 1944  
  The Japanese government issued Tokyo Declaration in which it officially protested the treatment of the “disloyal” at Tule Lake Segregation Center in California. This provided those incarcerated with some recognition. Shortly thereafter, 276 were released from the stockade.  
   
  Tuesday, May 23, 1944  
  Army control of the stockade at the Tule Lake Segregation Center in California was turned back over to the War Relocation Authority.  
     
   
     
   
 

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